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Lesson 9

Joseph (A Type and Shadow of Jesus As Beloved, Rejected, and Exalted Son)

Genesis Chptrs:37-50

Genesis Chapter 37:1-3

Genesis 37:1-3 Now Jacob dwelt in the land where his father was a stranger, in the land of Canaan.2 This is the history of Jacob. Joseph, being seventeen years old, was feeding the flock with his brothers. And the lad was with the sons of Bilhah and the sons of Zilpah, his father’s wives; and Joseph brought a bad report of them to his father.3 Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because he was the son of his old age. Also he made him a tunic of many colors.

Types and Shadows of Jesus Christ- Yeshua Ha Messiah

Joseph is (A Type and Shadow of Jesus As Beloved, Rejected, and Exalted Son).

What are Shadows, Types and Antitypes?

God, in His great wisdom gave the Jew a law, which would prepare them for things to come. God’s law given by Moses (the Old Testament) was a shadow of the New Law given by Christ (the New Testament).

Heb 10:1 For the law, having a shadow of the good things to come and not the very image of those things, can never, with those sacrifices which they offered continually year by year, make those who come unto it perfect.

We all know what a shadow is. In the sunlight our shadow is cast down on the ground. Our shadow in the sunlight appears as an outlined image. Looking at us directly, our image is more defined than the shadow.

The Bible also uses the word “TYPE” with the same principle as shadow. See the two translations below.

Greek Translation (Strong’s) for Shadow:

4639 skia skia skee’-ah

AV-shadow 7; 7

1) shadow

1a) shade caused by the interception of light

1b) an image cast by an object and representing the form of that object

Greek Translation (Strong’s) for Type:

5179 tupov tupos too’-pos

AV-ensample 5, print 2, figure 2, example 2, pattern 2, fashion 1, manner 1, form 1; 16

1) the mark of a stroke or blow, print

2) a figure formed by a blow or impression

2a) of a figure or image

A ‘Type’ is: A biblical person, place, or thing described in the Old Testament, prefiguring a future biblical person, place, or thing, described in the New Testament or ‘antitype’.

Antitype is the answer or counterpart of the type. Comparing antitype to type is like comparing an image to a shadow.

Greek Translation (Strong’s) for Antitype:

499 antitupov antitupos an-teet’-oo-pon

AV- like figure whereinto 1, 2

1) a thing formed after some pattern

2) a thing resembling another, its counterpart

2a) something in the Messianic times which answers to the type,

The word “antitype” used in the NKJV version.

1Pe 3:20 who formerly were disobedient, when once the Divine longsuffering waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was being prepared, in which a few, that is, eight souls, were saved through water. 21 ¶ There is also an antitype which now saves us––baptism (not the removal of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God), through the resurrection of Jesus Christ,

This same verse is translated as “like figure” in most other versions.

1Pe 3:20 who formerly were disobedient, when once the Divine longsuffering waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was being prepared, in which a few, that is, eight souls, were saved through water. 21 ¶ The like figure whereunto even baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ:

The word “type” used in the NKJV version.

Rom 5:14 But death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned in the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is the type of Him who was to come;

This same verse is translated as “figure” in most other versions.

Rom 5:14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam’s transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come.

Notice above the word type is translated as figure and the word anti-type is translated as like figure.

God gave us a better law (New Testament), one that is the direct image and not a reflection of how He wants us to obey Him.

Heb 10:1 For the law, having a shadow of the good things to come and not the very image of those things, can never, with those sacrifices which they offered continually year by year, make those who come unto it perfect.

Heb 8:5 who serve that which is a copy and shadow of the heavenly things, even as Moses is warned of God when he is about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern that was showed thee in the mount.

But just like the Old Law helped the Jew to understand the New Law, we also can benefit from looking at the Old Law and see how it compares to the New Law. But we must keep in mind; the Old Law has vanished away.

Heb 8:13 In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.

A likeness must exist between the ‘type’ of the Old Testament and the ‘antitype’ of the New Testament. The ‘antitype’ of the New Testament is always greater than the type or shadow of the Old Testament.

The scripture Rom. 5:14, is a good example of a type used as a Person.

Rom 5:14 But death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned in the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is the type of Him who was to come;

Adam a type of Him who was to come; But how was Adam a Type of Christ?

Anti-type (New Law) is translated as like figure (image) and type is translated as figure (mirror or shadow). An image is greater than a shadow. Just as we see our shadow in the sunlight our image is greater defined.

Adam was the first man to receive physical life. Christ was the first man to receive spiritual life. Christ was the first born. This means he was the first to overcome death and the first to be resurrected.

Adam was the first man to live; Christ was the first man to live eternally.

The latter is greater than the first.

Also through Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive.

1Cor.15:22 For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive.

Heb 9:8 & 9, is a good example of a type used as a place.

Heb 9:8 ¶ the Holy Spirit this signifying, that the way into the holy place hath not yet been made manifest, while the first tabernacle is yet standing; 9 which is a figure for the time present; according to which are offered both gifts and sacrifices that cannot, as touching the conscience, make the worshipper perfect,

The tabernacle was a physical place where man as a high priest enters with blood to have sin move forward for one year. Under the New Law, New Covenant, after Christ death, our body is the temple, where the Holy Ghost dwells; Christ entered heaven as our high priest and once was his blood given to remove sin.

1Co 6:19 What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?

1Cor 10:4-6, is a good example of a type used as a thing.

1Cor 10:4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.

Which is the type? The rock, which is the antitype? Christ.

Hebrews 10:1 uses the word shadow to describe the difference between the Old and New Covenant.

Hebrews 10:1 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.

This brings us to some interesting conclusions and provides an important key to Biblical understanding.

Types and Shadows between Joseph and Jesus:

Top of Form

Bottom of Form

Type and Shadow #1: Jesus was the Father God’s beloved son. Joseph was Jacob’s beloved son.

Matthew 3:17 And suddenly a voice came from heaven, saying, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”

Type and Shadow #2: Both received a gorgeous coat or robe fit for a king.

2 Samuel 13:18 Now she had on a robe of many colors, for the king’s virgin daughters wore such apparel. And his servant put her out and bolted the door behind her.(KINGLY GARMENT)

Luke 23:11 Then Herod, with his men of war, treated Him with contempt and mocked Him, arrayed Him in a gorgeous robe, and sent Him back to Pilate.

Genesis 37:4-8 But when his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers, they hated him and could not speak peaceably to him.5 Now Joseph had a dream, and he told it to his brothers; and they hated him even more.6 So he said to them, “Please hear this dream which I have dreamed:7 “There we were, binding sheaves in the field. Then behold, my sheaf arose and also stood upright; and indeed your sheaves stood all around and bowed down to my sheaf.”8 And his brothers said to him, “Shall you indeed reign over us? Or shall you indeed have dominion over us?” So they hated him even more for his dreams and for his words.

Related Scriptures:

Deuteronomy 33:116 With the precious things of the earth and its fullness, And the favor of Him who dwelt in the bush. Let the blessing come ‘on the head of Joseph, And on the crown of the head of him who was separate from his brothers.’

1 Chron. 5:2 yet Judah prevailed over his brothers, and from him came a ruler, although the birthright was Joseph’s—

Genesis 37:9 Then he dreamed still another dream and told it to his brothers, and said, “Look, I have dreamed another dream. And this time, the sun, the moon, and the eleven stars bowed down to me.”

Type & Shadow #3: Joseph declared himself in his dream to be a ruler, but was rejected; so was Jesus.

John 19:15 But they cried out, “Away with Him, away with Him! Crucify Him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar!”

Genesis 37:10-11 So he told it to his father and his brothers; and his father rebuked him and said to him, “What is this dream that you have dreamed? Shall your mother and I and your brothers indeed come to bow down to the earth before you?”11 And his brothers envied him, but his father kept the matter in mind.

Type & Shadow #4: Both Joseph and Jesus were hated and rejected by their brethren.

Type & Shadow# 5: Both Joseph’s and Jesus’s parents knew in their heart that their son was destined to be great.

Related Scriptures:

Luke 2:17-19, 17 Now when they had seen Him, they made widely known the saying which was told them concerning this Child.18 And all those who heard it marveled at those things which were told them by the shepherds.19 But Mary kept all these things and pondered them in her heart.

Luke 2:49-51 And He said to them, “Why did you seek Me? Did you not know that I must be about My Father’s business?”50 But they did not understand the statement which He spoke to them.51 Then He went down with them and came to Nazareth, and was subject to them, but His mother kept all these things in her heart.

Summary Gen. 37:1-11

Joseph, the favorite son, became an outcast.

Events caused a rift between Joseph and his elder brothers.
They probably resented the evil report of Joseph against the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah.
Jacob’s transparent partiality toward Joseph, shown by the gift of an elegant coat, only added to their resentment.
Joseph aroused more resentment by telling about his two prophetic dreams.
The first dream was quickly interpreted by the brothers, who resented the implication that they would someday see Joseph ruling over them.
The second dream even brought a rebuke from Jacob against Joseph.
At least one dream was literally fulfilled.
The brothers who had resented Joseph’s dreams bowed before him in Egypt.
(1)Genesis 42:6 “Now Joseph was governor over the land. He was the one who sold to all the people of the land. And Joseph’s brothers came and bowed themselves before him with their faces to the ground.”

(2)Genesis 43:28 “They said, ‘Your servant our father is well; he is still alive.’ And they bowed their heads and prostrated themselves.”

(3)There is no record of Jacob bowing to his son, Joseph, but he lived in Egypt under Joseph’s rule, until he died.

Genesis 37:12-14 Then his brothers went to feed their father’s flock in Shechem.13 And Israel said to Joseph, “Are not your brothers feeding the flock in Shechem? Come, I will send you to them.” So he said to him, “Here I am.”14 Then he said to him, “Please go and see if it is well with your brothers and well with the flocks, and bring back word to me.” So he sent him out of the Valley of Hebron, and he went to Shechem.

Related Scripture:

John 4:5 So He came to a city of Samaria which is called Sychar, near the plot of ground that Jacob gave to his son Joseph. (SAME PLACE FROM WHICH THE WOMAN OF Samaria was drawing water when Jesus met her.)

Type & Shadow # 6: Jesus came as a shepherd of the lost sheep.

John 10:1-3 “Most assuredly, I say to you, he who does not enter the sheepfold by the door, but climbs up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber.2 “But he who enters by the door is the shepherd of the sheep.3 “To him the doorkeeper opens, and the sheep hear his voice; and he calls his own sheep by name and leads them out.

Matthew 15:24 But He answered and said, “I was not sent except to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.”

Genesis 37:15-17 Now a certain man found him, and there he was, wandering in the field. And the man asked him, saying, “What are you seeking?”16 So he said, “I am seeking my brothers. Please tell me where they are feeding their flocks.”17 And the man said, “They have departed from here, for I heard them say, ‘Let us go to Dothan.’ ” So Joseph went after his brothers and found them in Dothan.

Type & Shadow #7: Jesus came to seek and save that which was lost.

Luke 19:10 “for the Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost.”

Genesis 37:18 Now when they saw him afar off, even before he came near them, they conspired against him to kill him.

Type & Shadow #8: Both Joseph and Jesus were conspired against, a death sentence upon them.

John 5:18 Therefore the Jews sought all the more to kill Him, because He not only broke the Sabbath, but also said that God was His Father, making Himself equal with God.

Genesis 37:19-22 Then they said to one another, “Look, this dreamer is coming!20 “Come therefore, let us now kill him and cast him into some pit; and we shall say, ‘Some wild beast has devoured him.’ We shall see what will become of his dreams!”21 But Reuben heard it, and he delivered him out of their hands, and said, “Let us not kill him.”22 And Reuben said to them, “Shed no blood, but cast him into this pit which is in the wilderness, and do not lay a hand on him”—that he might deliver him out of their hands, and bring him back to his father.

Type & Shadow #9: In both events someone tried to save their lives, Joseph and Jesus.

Luke 23:4 So Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowd, “I find no fault in this Man.”

Genesis 37:23n So it came to pass, when Joseph had come to his brothers, that they stripped Joseph of his tunic, the tunic of many colors that was on him.

Type & Shadow # 10 Both Joseph and Jesus were stripped of their clothes.

Mark 15:24 And when they crucified Him, they divided His garments, casting lots for them to determine what every man should take.

Gen. 37:24 Then they took him and cast him into a pit. And the pit was empty; there was no water in it. (The pit was an abandoned well.)

Type & Shadow #11 Jesus was placed in a tomb. Joseph in a pit.

Matthew 27:60 and laid it in his new tomb which he had hewn out of the rock; and he rolled a large stone against the door of the tomb, and departed.

Summary Gen. 37:12-24

Joseph’s brothers have an opportunity to form plots against him.

Jacob assumed that his sons were at Shechem, and sent Joseph there.
Joseph did not find his brothers at Shechem.
He was told that they had moved on to Dothan, a few miles north of Shechem.
When the brothers saw Joseph coming, they plotted to kill him, and blame the death on a wild animal.
Reuben prevented this plot, intending to rescue Joseph from them. 2. It is a possibility that Reuben hoped to be restored to the favor of his father, and cover the sin of incest he had committed. (See 35:22.)
The brothers take Joseph’s robe, and throw him into an empty pit
Gen. 37:25 And they sat down to eat a meal. Then they lifted their eyes and looked,

Type & Shadow #12 They could see Joseph in the pit, many looked upon Jesus.

Mark 15:40 There were also women looking on from afar, among whom were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James the Less and of Joses, and Salome,

Gen. 37:25c and there was a company of Ishmaelites, coming from Gilead with their camels, bearing spices, balm, and myrrh, on their way to carry them down to Egypt.26 So Judah ( Judah was a leader or the lion; Jeus is the lion of Judah)said to his brothers, “What profit is there if we kill our brother and conceal his blood?

Type & Shadow # 13 Jesus came from the tribe of Judah; his own betrayed him.

Gen. 37:27 “Come and let us sell him to the Ishmaelites, and let not our hand be upon him, for he is our brother and our flesh.” And his brothers listened.28 Then Midianite traders passed by; so the brothers pulled Joseph up and lifted him out of the pit, and sold him to the Ishmaelites for twenty shekels of silver. And they took Joseph to Egypt.

T & S # 14: Sold for 30 pieces of silver, Jesus sold for 30 pieces of silver, the price of a male and female slave.

Leviticus 27:5 ‘and if from five years old up to twenty years old, then your valuation for a male shall be twenty shekels, and for a female ten shekels; ( 20 + 10= 30)

Matthew 26:15 and said, “What are you willing to give me if I deliver Him to you?” And they counted out to him thirty pieces of silver.

Summary Gen. 37:25-28

The brothers, minus Reuben, found an opportunity to be rid of Joseph.

Ishmaelite traders, headed for Egypt, came from Gilead, east across the Jordan.
The brothers adopted Judah’s plan to sell Joseph to the traders.
They received 20 shekels of silver (2 shekels for each brother).
In these verses, Ishmaelites and Midianites are mention interchangeably.
Ishmael was the son of Abraham by his slave-wife, Hagar. Genesis 16:15
Midian was the son of Abraham by his last wife, Keturah. Genesis 25:1-4
Gen. 37:29 Then Reuben returned to the pit, and indeed Joseph was not in the pit; and he tore his clothes.30 And he returned to his brothers and said, “The lad is no more; and I, where shall I go?”31 So they took Joseph’s tunic, killed a kid of the goats, and dipped the tunic in the blood.

Type & Shadow #15 Jacob wore goatskins and deceived Isaac. Jacob was deceived. His tunic dipped in goat’s blood. Jesus’s tunic was torn from him; his own blood stained (antitype). Roman soldiers waged for it. ( antitype—the deceptive was they waged for a king’s garment.)

Genesis 27:16 And she put the skins of the kids of the goats on his hands and on the smooth part of his neck.

Galatians 6:7 Do not be deceived, God is not mocked; for whatever a man sows, that he will also reap.

Gen.37:32 Then they sent the tunic of many colors, and they brought it to their father and said, “We have found this. Do you know whether it is your son’s tunic or not?”33 And he recognized it and said, “It is my son’s tunic. A wild beast has devoured him. Without doubt Joseph is torn to pieces.”34 Then Jacob tore his clothes, put sackcloth on his waist, and mourned for his son many days.35 And all his sons and all his daughters arose to comfort him; but he refused to be comforted, and he said, “For I shall go down into the grave to my son in mourning.” Thus his father wept for him.

Type & Shadow #16: Jesus instructed his half -brother to comfort his mother.

John 19:25-27 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.26 When Jesus therefore saw His mother, and the disciple whom He loved standing by, He said to His mother, “Woman, behold your son!”27 Then He said to the disciple, “Behold your mother!” And from that hour that disciple took her to his own home.

Gen. 37:36 Now the Midianites had sold him in Egypt to Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh and captain of the guard.

Related Scriptures:

Psalm 105:17-18 He sent a man before them—Joseph—who was sold as a slave.18 They hurt his feet with fetters, He was laid in irons. 19 Until the time that his word came to pass, The word of the Lord tested him. (The Hebrew says Yah Veh refined him through his word.)

Psalm 66:10 For You, O God, have tested us; You have refined us as silver is refined.

James 1:13-14 Let no one say when he is tempted, ( TESTED,TRIED) “I am tempted by God”; for God cannot be tempted by evil, nor does He Himself tempt (test or try) anyone.14 But each one is tempted (tested, tried) when he is drawn away by his own desires and enticed.

James 1:2 My brethren, count it all joy when you fall into various trials, 3knowing that the testing of your faith (since your faith is the faith of Jesus Gal. 2:20 then this is the testing of the Word) produces patience.

Summary Gen. 37:29-36

Reuben’s rescue plan fails.

When Reuben discovered that Joseph was gone from the pit, he tore his clothes.
He knew that he would not be able to restore him to his father.
He also knew that he could not win his father’s favor for the deed.
The brothers cover their crime by a deception.
They soiled Joseph’s coat with animal blood.
When they presented the coat to Jacob, claiming that they had found it, Jacob assumes that an animal has killed Joseph, and starts to mourn for Joseph.
He cannot be comforted, at the beginning.
He predicts that he will go to his grave still mourning. (This did not happen.)
He apparently never discovered the crime of his sons.
Joseph was sold in Egypt to Potiphar, the captain of Pharaoh’s guards.
Genesis 38:1-2 It came to pass at that time that Judah departed from his brothers, and visited a certain Adullamite whose name was Hirah.2 And Judah saw there a daughter of a certain Canaanite whose name was Shua, and he married her and went in to her. (Judah intermarried with the Canaanites which was forbidden.)

Related Scriptures:

Genesis 24:2 So Abraham said to the oldest servant of his house, who ruled over all that he had, “Please, put your hand under my thigh,

Genesis 28:1Then Isaac called Jacob and blessed him, and charged him, and said to him: “You shall not take a wife from the daughters of Canaan.

Deuteronomy 7:3 “Nor shall you make marriages with them. (Cannaites)You shall not give your daughter to their son, nor take their daughter for your son. 4 “For they will turn your sons away from following Me, to serve other gods; so the anger of the Lord will be aroused against you and destroy you suddenly.

Genesis 38:3-5 So she conceived and bore a son, and he called his name Er.4 She conceived again and bore a son, and she called his name Onan.5 And she conceived yet again and bore a son, and called his name Shelah. He was at Chezib when she bore him.

Summary Gen. 38:1-5

Judah separated from his brothers.

He found a friend, whose name was Hirah, from the city of Adullam (a city about 15 miles southwest of Jerusalem).

Judah married a Canaanite woman, the daughter of a man named Shua.

Shua’s unnamed daughter gave Judah three sons, Er, Onan, and Shelah.
The last son was born while Judah was in Chezib (a few miles southwest of Adullam).

Gen. 38:6 Then Judah took a wife for Er his firstborn, and her name was Tamar.7 But Er, Judah’s firstborn, was wicked in the sight of the Lord, and the Lord killed him.8 And Judah said to Onan, “Go in to your brother’s wife and marry her, and raise up an heir to your brother.”9 But Onan knew that the heir would not be his; and it came to pass, when he went in to his brother’s wife, that he emitted on the ground, lest he should give an heir to his brother.10 And the thing which he did displeased the Lord; therefore He killed him also. 11 Then Judah said to Tamar his daughter-in-law, “Remain a widow in your father’s house till my son Shelah is grown.” For he said, “Lest he also die like his brothers.” And Tamar went and dwelt in her father’s house.


Exodus 20:13 “You shall not murder.

I have an extensive teaching on “Is God a Killer?” Here is the link if interested.

Summary Gen. 38:6-11

Tamar was married to Judah’s sons.

Her first marriage to Er was ended.
Er died (actually God did not kill him) the Hebrews said because of his sinfulness (possibly from his Canaanite heritage).
The marriage produced no children.
She was then married to Onan. 1. The purpose of this marriage was to produce children who would be counted as the children of the dead husband, Er.
This custom was later made a part of the Law of Moses. Deuteronomy 25:5 “If brothers dwell together, and one of them dies and has no son, the wife of the dead man shall not be married outside the family to a stranger. Her husband’s brother shall go in to her and take her as his wife and perform the duty of a husband’s brother to her.” b. This law served the purpose of maintaining family rights of inheritance. Deuteronomy 25:6 “And the first son whom she bears shall succeed to the name of his dead brother, that his name may not be blotted out of Israel.”
(1)This law was applied in the case of Ruth. Ruth 2:6-13

(2)Both Tamar and Ruth are mentioned in the male genealogy of Christ. Matthew 1:3-5 (NOTE: A third woman was also mentioned: Rahab.)

Onan did not want to do his duty, and devised an evil way to keep children from being conceived.
Supposedly God put him to death for this sin. ( see: “Is God a Killer?”)
Tamar remained childless.
The third son of Judah, Shelah, was judged to be too young to marry.
Judah told Tamar to wait until he was old enough to marry.
He delayed the marriage, because he was afraid that Shelah might also die.
She returned to her father’s house.
Genesis 38:12-19

Gen.38:12 Now in the process of time the daughter of Shua, Judah’s wife, died; and Judah was comforted, and went up to his sheepshearers at Timnah, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite.13 And it was told Tamar, saying, “Look, your father-in-law is going up to Timnah to shear his sheep.”14 So she took off her widow’s garments, covered herself with a veil and wrapped herself, and sat in an open place which was on the way to Timnah; for she saw that Shelah was grown, and she was not given to him as a wife.15 When Judah saw her, he thought she was a harlot, because she had covered her face.16 Then he turned to her by the way, and said, “Please let me come in to you”; for he did not know that she was his daughter-in-law. So she said, “What will you give me, that you may come in to me?”17 And he said, “I will send a young goat from the flock.” So she said, “Will you give me a pledge till you send it?”18 Then he said, “What pledge shall I give you?” So she said, “Your signet and cord, and your staff that is in your hand.” Then he gave them to her, and went in to her, and she conceived by him.19 So she arose and went away, and laid aside her veil and put on the garments of her widowhood.

Summary Gen. 38:12-19

Tamar devised a way to have a child. Of course, Judah was also to blame.

After his wife’s death, Judah went to Timnah (about 5 miles northeast of Adullam) to shear his sheep.

Tamar was told of this trip, and went to the place.

She disguised herself as a cult prostitute (probably of a Canaanite idol).

Judah was attracted to her, and offered to buy her service.
Payment was promised by Judah.
Tamar asked for a pledge, a guarantee that the payment would be made, and received his seal, cord and staff.

Tamar conceived, and left for her home, taking with her the pledge items.

Gen. 38:20 And Judah sent the young goat by the hand of his friend the Adullamite, to receive his pledge from the woman’s hand, but he did not find her.21 Then he asked the men of that place, saying, “Where is the harlot who was openly by the roadside?” And they said, “There was no harlot in this place.”22 So he returned to Judah and said, “I cannot find her. Also, the men of the place said there was no harlot in this place.”23 Then Judah said, “Let her take them for herself, lest we be shamed; for I sent this young goat and you have not found her.”24 And it came to pass, about three months after, that Judah was told, saying, “Tamar your daughter-in-law has played the harlot; furthermore she is with child by harlotry.” So Judah said, “Bring her out and let her be burned!”25 When she was brought out, she sent to her father-in-law, saying, “By the man to whom these belong, I am with child.” And she said, “Please determine whose these are—the signet and cord, and staff.”26 So Judah acknowledged them and said, “She has been more righteous than I, because I did not give her to Shelah my son.” And he never knew her again.

Summary Gen.38:20-26

The deception by Tamar and the folly of Judah almost had a tragic end.

Judah attempted to redeem his pledge, but did not find Tamar.
His reaction shows that he was embarrassed by this (Vs. 23).
He decided not to continue the search.

After three months, Tamar was accused of conceiving by secret fornication.
Judah condemned her to death.
She saved herself by producing the seal, cord and staff Judah had pledged.
Judah admitted his fault, since he did not give her to his third son, Shelah.

He honored Tamar, apparently, by making her a wife.

Gen. 38:27 Now it came to pass, at the time for giving birth, that behold, twins were in her womb.28 And so it was, when she was giving birth, that the one put out his hand; and the midwife took a scarlet thread and bound it on his hand, saying, “This one came out first.”29 Then it happened, as he drew back his hand, that his brother came out unexpectedly; and she said, “How did you break through? This breach be upon you!” Therefore his name was called Perez.30 Afterward his brother came out who had the scarlet thread on his hand. And his name was called Zerah.

Summary Gen. 38:27-30

Tamar gave birth to twins, one of whom was listed as an ancestor of Jesus.

His name was called Perez (meaning “a breach”).

His twin was called Zerah.

NOTE: It seems odd to the reader of the Bible that this story about Tamar should appear in the middle of the saga of Joseph in Egypt. The same is true of the story of Ruth, which relates only a minor incident in the history of the tribe of Judah. The Israelite scribes that preserved these two narratives for posterity probably had no clue as to their importance to the continuation of Judah’s descendants down through David to Jesus Christ. The appearance of these narratives in the preserved text of the Old Testament is a testimony to the divine authorship of the Bible, because they support the legitimate claims of Jesus as the Christ.

Matthew 1:1-

(Mat 1:1) The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

(Mat 1:2) Abraham begat Isaac; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat Judah and his brethren; (Mat 1:3) and Judah begat Perez and Zerah of Tamar; and Perez begat Hezron; and Hezron begat Ram; (Mat 1:4) and Ram begat Amminadab; and Amminadab begat Nahshon; and Nahshon begat Salmon; (Mat 1:5) and Salmon begat Boaz of Rahab; and Boaz begat Obed of Ruth; and Obed begat Jesse; (Mat 1:6) and Jesse begat David the king. And David begat Solomon of her that had been the wife of Uriah; (Mat 1:7) and Solomon begat Rehoboam; and Rehoboam begat Abijah; and Abijah begat Asa; (Mat 1:8) and Asa begat Jehoshaphat; and Jehoshaphat begat Joram; and Joram begat Uzziah; (Mat 1:9) and Uzziah begat Jotham; and Jotham begat Ahaz; and Ahaz begat Hezekiah; (Mat 1:10) and Hezekiah begat Manasseh; and Manasseh begat Amon; and Amon begat Josiah; (Mat 1:11) and Josiah begat Jechoniah and his brethren, at the time of the carrying away to Babylon. (Mat 1:12) And after the carrying away to Babylon, Jechoniah begat Shealtiel; and Shealtiel begat Zerubbabel; (Mat 1:13) and Zerubbabel begat Abiud; and Abiud begat Eliakim; and Eliakim begat Azor; (Mat 1:14) and Azor begat Sadoc; and Sadoc begat Achim; and Achim begat Eliud; (Mat 1:15) and Eliud begat Eleazar; and Eleazar begat Matthan; and Matthan begat Jacob;

(Mat 1:16) and Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.

(Mat 1:17) So all the generations from Abraham unto David are fourteen generations; and from David unto the carrying away to Babylon fourteen generations; and from the carrying away to Babylon unto the Christ fourteen generations.

42nd Generation

Gen. 39 Now Joseph had been taken down to Egypt. And Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, captain of the guard, an Egyptian, bought him from the Ishmaelites who had taken him down there.2 The Lord was with Joseph, and he was a successful man; and he was in the house of his master the Egyptian.

Acts 7:9 “And the patriarchs, becoming envious, sold Joseph into Egypt. But God was with him.


Genesis 39:3 And his master saw that the Lord was with him and that the Lord made all he did to prosper in his hand.

Psalm 1:1-3 Blessed is the man 1 Who walks not in the counsel of the ungodly, Nor stands in the path of sinners, Nor sits in the seat of the scornful; 2 But his delight is in the law of the Lord, And in His law he meditates day and night. 3 He shall be like a tree Planted by the rivers of water, That brings forth its fruit in its season, Whose leaf also shall not wither; And whatever he does shall prosper.

Genesis 39:4 So Joseph found favor in his sight, and served him. Then he made him overseer of his house, and all that he had he put under his authority.

Type & Shadow #17: God gave Jesus all authority.

Matthew 28:18 And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.

Genesis 39:5-6a So it was, from the time that he had made him overseer of his house and all that he had, that the Lord blessed the Egyptian’s house for Joseph’s sake; and the blessing of the Lord was on all that he had in the house and in the field.6 Thus he left all that he had in Joseph’s hand, and he did not know what he had except for the bread which he ate.

Summary Gen. 39:1-6a

Joseph succeeded in winning his Egyptian master’s confidence.

God helped Joseph to become the overseer of Potipher’s household.
Potipher trusted Joseph to the point that he had no concern about his honesty.
He prospered, as a result of Joseph’s overseer-ship
Gen. 6b Now Joseph was handsome in form and appearance.7 And it came to pass after these things that his master’s wife cast longing eyes on Joseph, and she said, “Lie with me.”8 But he refused and said to his master’s wife, “Look, my master does not know what is with me in the house, and he has committed all that he has to my hand.9 “There is no one greater in this house than I, nor has he kept back anything from me but you, because you are his wife. How then can I do this great wickedness, and sin against God?”

ALL SIN IS SIN AGAINST GOD/ against His character and nature.

Psalm 51:4 Against You, You only, have I sinned, And done this evil in Your sight—That You may be found just when You speak, And blameless when You judge.

Genesis 39:10 So it was, as she spoke to Joseph day by day, that he did not heed her, to lie with her or to be with her.

Type & Shadow # 18: Jesus was without sin; he was tempted 40 days and 40 nights and other opportune times.

Mark 1:12-13 Immediately the Spirit drove Him into the wilderness.13 And He was there in the wilderness forty days, tempted by Satan, and was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered to Him.

Genesis 39:11-18 But it happened about this time, when Joseph went into the house to do his work, and none of the men of the house was inside,12 that she caught him by his garment, saying, “Lie with me.” But he left his garment in her hand, and fled and ran outside.13 And so it was, when she saw that he had left his garment in her hand and fled outside,14 that she called to the men of her house and spoke to them, saying, “See, he has brought in to us a Hebrew to mock us. He came in to me to lie with me, and I cried out with a loud voice.15 “And it happened, when he heard that I lifted my voice and cried out, that he left his garment with me, and fled and went outside.”16 So she kept his garment with her until his master came home.17 Then she spoke to him with words like these, saying, “The Hebrew servant whom you brought to us came in to me to mock me;18 “so it happened, as I lifted my voice and cried out, that he left his garment with me and fled outside.”

Summary Gen. 6b-18

Potiphar’s wife tried to seduce Joseph, but failed.

Joseph’s sense of loyalty would not allow him to betray Potiphar’s trust in him.
Joseph also resisted the temptations of Potiphar’s wife, because it would be a sin against God.
This is another example of the revulsion of people of that age against adultery.
The Pharaoh of Egypt resisted this temptation. 12:10-20
The Philistine king, Abimelech, also resisted, after being warned by God. 20:1-18
There should be the same sense of revulsion in us, today.
1 Thessalonians 4:2-8 “For you know what instructions we gave you through the Lord Jesus. [3] For this is the will of God, your sanctification: that you abstain from sexual immorality; [4] that each one of you know how to control his own body in holiness and honor, [5] not in the passion of lust like the Gentiles who do not know God; [6] that no one transgress and wrong his brother in this matter, because the Lord is an avenger in all these things, as we told you beforehand and solemnly warned you. [7] For God has not called us for impurity, but in holiness. [8] Therefore whoever disregards this, disregards not man but God, who gives his Holy Spirit to you.”
1 Corinthians 6:18 “Flee from sexual immorality. Every other sin a person commits is outside the body, but the sexually immoral person sins against his own body.”
Potiphar’s wife slandered Joseph, after he continued to resist her temptations.
She claimed that he attempted to take her by force. 2. She offered Joseph’s garment as proof of the truth of her story.
Type & Shadow # 19: Jesus was mocked and falsely accused.

Mark 14:55-56 Now the chief priests and all the council sought testimony against Jesus to put Him to death, but found none.56 For many bore false witness against Him, but their testimonies did not agree.

Genesis 39:19-23

Gen. 39: 19 So it was, when his master heard the words which his wife spoke to him, saying, “Your servant did to me after this manner,” that his anger was aroused.20 Then Joseph’s master took him and put him into the prison, a place where the king’s prisoners were confined. And he was there in the prison.21 But the Lord was with Joseph and showed him mercy, and He gave him favor in the sight of the keeper of the prison.22 And the keeper of the prison committed to Joseph’s hand all the prisoners who were in the prison; whatever they did there, it was his doing.23 The keeper of the prison did not look into anything that was under Joseph’s authority, because the Lord was with him; and whatever he did, the Lord made it prosper.

Related Scriptures:

Isaiah 54:17 No weapon formed against you shall prosper, And every tongue which rises against you in judgment You shall condemn. This is the heritage of the servants of the Lord, And their righteousness is from Me,” Says the Lord.

Joshua 1:7 “Only be strong and very courageous, that you may observe to do according to all the law which Moses My servant commanded you; do not turn from it to the right hand or to the left, that you may prosper wherever you go.

3 John 2 Beloved, I pray that you may prosper in all things and be in health, just as your soul prospers.

Summary Gen. 39:19-23

Potiphar believed his wife’s claim, and put Joseph in the King’s prison.

Joseph did not let this setback discourage him.
He served so well in prison that the keeper of the prison put him in charge of the prisoners, and again the Lord helped Joseph in his desire to succeed.
Genesis 40:1-15

It came to pass after these things that the butler and the baker of the king of Egypt offended their lord, the king of Egypt.2 And Pharaoh was angry with his two officers, the chief butler and the chief baker.3 So he put them in custody in the house of the captain of the guard, in the prison, the place where Joseph was confined.4 And the captain of the guard charged Joseph with them, and he served them; so they were in custody for a while.5 Then the butler and the baker of the king of Egypt, who were confined in the prison, had a dream, both of them, each man’s dream in one night and each man’s dream with its own interpretation.6 And Joseph came in to them in the morning and looked at them, and saw that they were sad.7 So he asked Pharaoh’s officers who were with him in the custody of his lord’s house, saying, “Why do you look so sad today?”8 And they said to him, “We each have had a dream, and there is no interpreter of it.” So Joseph said to them, “Do not interpretations belong to God? Tell them to me, please.”9 Then the chief butler told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, “Behold, in my dream a vine was before me,10 “and in the vine were three branches; it was as though it budded, its blossoms shot forth, and its clusters brought forth ripe grapes.11 “Then Pharaoh’s cup was in my hand; and I took the grapes and pressed them into Pharaoh’s cup, and placed the cup in Pharaoh’s hand.”12 And Joseph said to him, “This is the interpretation of it: The three branches are three days.13 “Now within three days Pharaoh will lift up your head and restore you to your place, and you will put Pharaoh’s cup in his hand according to the former manner, when you were his butler.14 “But remember me when it is well with you, and please show kindness to me; make mention of me to Pharaoh, and get me out of this house.15 “For indeed I was stolen away from the land of the Hebrews; and also I have done nothing here that they should put me into the dungeon.”


It was not the right time.

Related Scriptures:

Ecclesiastes 3:1To everything there is a season, 1 A time for every purpose under heaven:

Ecclesiastes 7:8 The end of a thing is better than its beginning; The patient in spirit is better than the proud in spirit.

Genesis 40:16-19

16 When the chief baker saw that the interpretation was good, he said to Joseph, “I also was in my dream, and there were three white baskets on my head.17 “In the uppermost basket were all kinds of baked goods for Pharaoh, and the birds ate them out of the basket on my head.”18 So Joseph answered and said, “This is the interpretation of it: The three baskets are three days.19 “Within three days Pharaoh will lift off your head from you and hang you on a tree; and the birds will eat your flesh from you.”

Type & Shadow # 20 Joseph like Jesus always spoke the truth, never lied. satan is the father of lies.

Genesis 40:20-23

20 Now it came to pass on the third day, which was Pharaoh’s birthday, that he made a feast for all his servants; and he lifted up the head of the chief butler and of the chief baker among his servants.21 Then he restored the chief butler to his butlership again, and he placed the cup in Pharaoh’s hand.22 But he hanged the chief baker, as Joseph had interpreted to them.23 Yet the chief butler did not remember Joseph, but forgot him.

Related Scriptures:

Romans 8:26-28Likewise the Spirit also helps in our weaknesses. For we do not know what we should pray for as we ought, but the Spirit Himself makes intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered.27 Now He who searches the hearts knows what the mind of the Spirit is, because He makes intercession for the saints according to the will of God.28 And we know that all things work together for good to those who love God, to those who are the called according to His purpose.

Romans 11:33-34 Oh, the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are His judgments and His ways past finding out! 34 “For who has known the mind of the Lord?

1 Cor. 2:16 For “who has known the mind of the Lord that he may instruct Him?” But we have the mind of Christ.

2 Timothy 3:11-12 persecutions, afflictions, which happened to me at Antioch, at Iconium, at Lystra—what persecutions I endured. And out of them all the Lord delivered me.[1]12 Yes, and all who desire to live godly in Christ Jesus will suffer persecution.


Summary Gen. 40:1-23

Joseph received providential help toward his release.

The royal cupbearer and the baker offended Pharaoh, and were put in the prison where Joseph was also confined.
After a time, they both had dreams.
They wanted someone to interpret the dreams for them.
Joseph told them that interpretations of dreams belonged to God.
The prophet Daniel also said the same thing. Daniel 2:26-28 “The king said to Daniel, whose name was Belteshazzar, ‘Are you able to make known to me the dream that I have seen and its interpretation?’ [27] Daniel answered the king and said, ‘No wise men, enchanters, magicians, or astrologers can show to the king the mystery that the king has asked, [28] but there is a God in heaven who reveals mysteries, and he has made known to King Nebuchadnezzar what will be in the latter days…’”
There was a way to test whether a dream was being properly interpreted. Deuteronomy 13:1-3 “If a prophet or a dreamer of dreams arises among you and gives you a sign or a wonder, [2] and the sign or wonder that he tells you comes to pass, and if he says, ‘Let us go after other gods,’ which you have not known, ‘and let us serve them,’ [3] you shall not listen to the words of that prophet or that dreamer of dreams. For the Lord your God is testing you, to know whether you love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul.”
The similar dreams had opposite interpretations, causing the cupbearer of Pharaoh to be restored to his service, and the baker to be executed.
The cupbearer did not remember the service Joseph had given him, even though Joseph had appealed for his help (Verses 14-15).
Genesis 41:1-8

Then it came to pass, at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh had a dream; and behold, he stood by the river.2 Suddenly there came up out of the river seven cows, fine looking and fat; and they fed in the meadow.3 Then behold, seven other cows came up after them out of the river, ugly and gaunt, and stood by the other cows on the bank of the river.4 And the ugly and gaunt cows ate up the seven fine looking and fat cows. So Pharaoh awoke.5 He slept and dreamed a second time; and suddenly seven heads of grain came up on one stalk, plump and good.6 Then behold, seven thin heads, blighted by the east wind, sprang up after them.7 And the seven thin heads devoured the seven plump and full heads. So Pharaoh awoke, and indeed, it was a dream.8 Now it came to pass in the morning that his spirit was troubled, and he sent and called for all the magicians of Egypt and all its wise men. And Pharaoh told them his dreams, but there was no one who could interpret them for Pharaoh.

Summary Gen. 41:1-8

God’s providence was still at work for Joseph.

Pharaoh had similar dreams.
In both dreams, the repeated number 7 was significant.
In both dreams, incredible actions occurred (lean cows eating fat ones, and
blighted ears of grain “eating” the good ears).

Among his magicians and wise men, Pharaoh did not find an interpreter.
Gen. 41:9 Then the chief butler spoke to Pharaoh, saying: “I remember my faults this day.10 “When Pharaoh was angry with his servants, and put me in custody in the house of the captain of the guard, both me and the chief baker,11 “we each had a dream in one night, he and I. Each of us dreamed according to the interpretation of his own dream.12 “Now there was a young Hebrew man with us there, a servant of the captain of the guard. And we told him, and he interpreted our dreams for us; to each man he interpreted according to his own dream.13 “And it came to pass, just as he interpreted for us, so it happened. He restored me to my office, and he hanged him.”14 Then Pharaoh sent and called Joseph, and they brought him quickly out of the dungeon; and he shaved, changed his clothing, and came to Pharaoh.15 And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I have had a dream, and there is no one who can interpret it. But I have heard it said of you that you can understand a dream, to interpret it.”16 So Joseph answered Pharaoh, saying, “It is not in me; God will give Pharaoh an answer of peace.”17 Then Pharaoh said to Joseph: “Behold, in my dream I stood on the bank of the river.18 “Suddenly seven cows came up out of the river, fine looking and fat; and they fed in the meadow.19 “Then behold, seven other cows came up after them, poor and very ugly and gaunt, such ugliness as I have never seen in all the land of Egypt.20 “And the gaunt and ugly cows ate up the first seven, the fat cows.21 “When they had eaten them up, no one would have known that they had eaten them, for they were just as ugly as at the beginning. So I awoke.22 “Also I saw in my dream, and suddenly seven heads came up on one stalk, full and good.23 “Then behold, seven heads, withered, thin, and blighted by the east wind, sprang up after them.24 “And the thin heads devoured the seven good heads. So I told this to the magicians, but there was no one who could explain it to me.”


Type & Shadow # 21: Jesus was known as the Prophet.

Genesis 41:25-32

25 Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, “The dreams of Pharaoh are one; God has shown Pharaoh what He is about to do:26 “The seven good cows are seven years, and the seven good heads are seven years; the dreams are one.27 “And the seven thin and ugly cows which came up after them are seven years, and the seven empty heads blighted by the east wind are seven years of famine.28 “This is the thing which I have spoken to Pharaoh. God has shown Pharaoh what He is about to do.29 “Indeed seven years of great plenty will come throughout all the land of Egypt;30 “but after them seven years of famine will arise, and all the plenty will be forgotten in the land of Egypt; and the famine will deplete the land.31 “So the plenty will not be known in the land because of the famine following, for it will be very severe.32 “And the dream was repeated to Pharaoh twice because the thing is established by God, and God will shortly bring it to pass.

Related Scriptures:

2 Cor. 13:1This will be the third time I am coming to you. “By the mouth of two or three witnesses every word shall be established.”

Deuteronomy 19:15 “One witness shall not rise against a man concerning any iniquity or any sin that he commits; by the mouth of two or three witnesses the matter shall be established.

Summary Gen. 41:9-32

Joseph was called to interpret Pharaoh’s dreams.

The cupbearer belatedly remembered the service of Joseph two years before.
Joseph was taken from the prison, and made presentable to appear in the court.
He shaved, before going before the King.
Egyptian custom proclaimed that the clean-shaven Pharaoh would wear a
false beard, as a sign of office.

“Pharaoh would wear a false beard made from goat’s hair and secured by
a cord. The beard; considered to be a divine attribute of the gods, would

be worn during festivals and public appearances, and would identify the

king with Osiris.” (Egyptology Online)

“Hatshepsut, was the daughter of Thutmose I (also known as Tuthmosis)
and Queen Ahmose Nefertari. Hatshepsut (1473-1458 BC) was married to

her half brother Thutmose II, perhaps in order to strengthen his claim to

the throne, and they had a daughter together called Neferure. Hatshepsut

commissioned official portraits of her daughter wearing the false beard

and side lock of youth. Some scholars speculate that this is evidence that

Hatshepsut was priming Neferure for a future on the throne.” (Ibid.)

Joseph was provided an interpretation of Pharaoh’s dreams by God.
Joseph said that the two dreams had the same meaning.
In Verse 32, Joseph told Pharaoh that the doubling of his dreams meant that
the fulfillment of these dreams was certain. (NOTE: Remember: Joseph also

had a double set of dreams about ruling over his brethren. Genesis 37:5-11)

Genesis 41:33-38

33 “Now therefore, let Pharaoh select a discerning and wise man, and set him over the land of Egypt.34 “Let Pharaoh do this, and let him appoint officers over the land, to collect one-fifth of the produce of the land of Egypt in the seven plentiful years.35 “And let them gather all the food of those good years that are coming, and store up grain under the authority of Pharaoh, and let them keep food in the cities.36 “Then that food shall be as a reserve for the land for the seven years of famine which shall be in the land of Egypt, that the land may not perish during the famine.”

37 So the advice was good in the eyes of Pharaoh and in the eyes of all his servants.38 And Pharaoh said to his servants, “Can we find such a one as this, a man in whom is the Spirit of God?”

Type & Shadow # 22: Jesus worked all His signs, wonders, and healings by the power of the Spirit of God.

Genesis 41:39-42

39 Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Inasmuch as God has shown you all this, there is no one as discerning and wise as you.40 “You shall be over my house, and all my people shall be ruled according to your word; only in regard to the throne will I be greater than you.”41 And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “See, I have set you over all the land of Egypt.”42 Then Pharaoh took his signet ring off his hand and put it on Joseph’s hand; and he clothed him in garments of fine linen and put a gold chain around his neck.

Type & Shadow # 23: Joseph, just like Christ was resurrected from the pit and from the prison, just like Christ from the grave, exalted and given a royal position (Christ now sitting at the right hand of the Father)(We are seated with Him)

Related Scriptures:

Acts 2:25-27 “For David says concerning Him: ‘I foresaw the Lord always before my face, For He is at my right hand, that I may not be shaken. 26 Therefore my heart rejoiced, and my tongue was glad; Moreover my flesh also will rest in hope. 27 For You will not leave my soul in Hades, Nor will You allow Your Holy One to see corruption.

(Eph 1:20) which He worked in Christ in raising Him from the dead, and He seated Him at His right hand in the heavenlies,

But God, being rich in mercy, because of the great love with which He loved us, even when we were dead in our trespasses, made us alive together with Christ—by grace you have been saved— and raised us up with Him and seated us with Him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus, so that in the coming ages He might show the immeasurable riches of His grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus. Ephesians 2:4-7

Ephesians 2:6 in the Weymouth translation says that God “. . . raised us with Him [Jesus] from the dead, and enthroned us with Him in the heavenly realms as being in Christ Jesus. . . .

Genesis 41:43

43 And he had him ride in the second chariot which he had; and they cried out before him, “Bow the knee!” So he set him over all the land of Egypt.

Type & Shadow # 24: Joseph was made lord over all of Egypt. Christ is Lord of lords and King of kings.

Revelation 19:15-16 Now out of His mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it He should strike the nations. And He Himself will rule them with a rod of iron. He Himself treads the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.16 And He has on His robe and on His thigh a name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.

Genesis 41:44

44 Pharaoh also said to Joseph, “I am Pharaoh, and without your consent no man may lift his hand or foot in all the land of Egypt.” 45 And Pharaoh called Joseph’s name Zaphnath-Paaneah. And he gave him as a wife Asenath, the daughter of Poti-Pherah priest of On. So Joseph went out over all the land of Egypt.

Type & Shadow # 25: Joseph married a Gentile Bride. Christ is married to the Church, His Gentile Bride.

Summary Gen.41: 33-45

The interpretation of Joseph causes Pharaoh to take action.

Joseph offered free advice on preparation for the coming years of famine.
In the seven years of plenty, there would be a 20% confiscation of all crops.
This reserve would be used to supplement meager harvests during the famine.
Pharaoh was so pleased with this advice that he made Joseph the governor of all Egypt, with powers almost equal to his own.
Pharaoh changed Joseph’s name to Zaphenath-paneah, which probably means,“Savior of the world” (Pulpit Commentary).
He also gave Joseph a wife, who would be the mother of two tribes of Israel.
Genesis 41:46

46 Joseph was thirty years old when he stood before Pharaoh king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from the presence of Pharaoh, and went throughout all the land of Egypt.

Type & Shadow # 26: Joseph was 30 years old; Christ was 30 when he began His ministry.

Joseph had learned the lesson of humility.

Related Scriptures:

James 4:110 Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and He will lift you up.

1 Peter 5:5-6 Likewise you younger people, submit yourselves to your elders. Yes, all of you be submissive to one another, and be clothed with humility, for 1 “God resists the proud, But gives grace to the humble.”6 Therefore humble yourselves under the mighty hand of God, that He may exalt you in due time,

Genesis 41:47-57

47 Now in the seven plentiful years the ground brought forth abundantly.48 So he gathered up all the food of the seven years which were in the land of Egypt, and laid up the food in the cities; he laid up in every city the food of the fields which surrounded them.49 Joseph gathered very much grain, as the sand of the sea, until he stopped counting, for it was immeasurable.50 And to Joseph were born two sons before the years of famine came, whom Asenath, the daughter of Poti-Pherah priest of On, bore to him.51 Joseph called the name of the firstborn Manasseh: “For God has made me forget all my toil and all my father’s house.”52 And the name of the second he called Ephraim: “For God has caused me to be fruitful in the land of my affliction.”53 Then the seven years of plenty which were in the land of Egypt ended,54 and the seven years of famine began to come, as Joseph had said. The famine was in all lands, but in all the land of Egypt there was bread.55 So when all the land of Egypt was famished, the people cried to Pharaoh for bread. Then Pharaoh said to all the Egyptians, “Go to Joseph; whatever he says to you, do.”56 The famine was over all the face of the earth, and Joseph opened all the storehouses and sold to the Egyptians. And the famine became severe in the land of Egypt.57 So all countries came to Joseph in Egypt to buy grain, because the famine was severe in all lands.

Summary Gen. 41:46-57

Joseph’s plan was successful.

The seven years of plenty were so fruitful that the grain became immeasurable.
During the seven years of plenty, two sons were born to Joseph and Asenath.
The firstborn was named Manasseh, meaning “causing to forget.”
The younger son was named Ephraim, possibly meaning “doubly fruitful.”
When the famine came, the Egyptians appealed to Pharaoh for food.
Joseph “sold” the stored grain, rather than giving it away.
There was enough food in storage to sell also to buyers from other nations
Genesis 42:1-4

When Jacob saw that there was grain in Egypt, Jacob said to his sons, “Why do you look at one another?”2 And he said, “Indeed I have heard that there is grain in Egypt; go down to that place and buy for us there, that we may live and not die.”3 So Joseph’s ten brothers went down to buy grain in Egypt.4 But Jacob did not send Joseph’s brother Benjamin with his brothers, for he said, “Lest some calamity befall him.


Gen. 42:5 And the sons of Israel went to buy grain among those who journeyed, for the famine was in the land of Canaan.

Jacob (Israel) sent his sons to buy grain in Egypt.

The famine was widespread.
It was felt over all the (inhabited) earth, including Canaan, according to 41:57.

It was severe enough, that Jacob thought they might die.

Jacob would not send Benjamin with his ten brothers.

1.He had great fear that he would come to some harm.

This is another example of the partiality that began with Jacob’s preference of
Rachel, and continued through her son, Joseph.

Gen. 42:6 Now Joseph was governor over the land; and it was he who sold to all the people of the land. And Joseph’s brothers came and bowed down before him with their faces to the earth.7 Joseph saw his brothers and recognized them, but he acted as a stranger to them and spoke roughly to them. Then he said to them, “Where do you come from?” And they said, “From the land of Canaan to buy food.”8 So Joseph recognized his brothers, but they did not recognize him.9 Then Joseph remembered the dreams which he had dreamed about them, and said to them, “You are spies! You have come to see the nakedness of the land!”10 And they said to him, “No, my lord, but your servants have come to buy food.11 “We are all one man’s sons; we are honest men; your servants are not spies.”12 But he said to them, “No, but you have come to see the nakedness of the land.”13 And they said, “Your servants are twelve brothers, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan; and in fact, the youngest is with our father today, and one is no more.”14 But Joseph said to them, “It is as I spoke to you, saying, ‘You are spies!’15 “In this manner you shall be tested: By the life of Pharaoh, you shall not leave this place unless your youngest brother comes here.16 “Send one of you, and let him bring your brother; and you shall be kept in prison, that your words may be tested to see whether there is any truth in you; or else, by the life of Pharaoh, surely you are spies!”17 So he put them all together in prison three days.

JOSEPH HAD TO SEE WHETHER THERE WAS TRUE REPENTANCE FOR THEIR CRUEL AND INHUMAN TREATMENT OF HIM. Also the law of sowing and reaping was in effect. They were put in a pit, into a place where they could not escape.

Type & Shadow # 25: Joseph triumphed over his enemies just as Christ did over satan and all principalities and powers and made a public display of them.

Related Scriptures:

Colossians 2:15 Having disarmed principalities and powers, He made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them in it.

Summary Gen. 42:6-17

Joseph recognized his brothers, and began to test their integrity.

Joseph was not recognized, so he used this situation to appear cruel.
Not knowing who he was, the brothers “bowed down to him, with their faces to the ground,” fulfilling the dreams that Joseph had in his youth. 37:5-11
He “spoke harshly to them,” (but through a translator. 42:23).
He accused them of being spies, but they denied the charge.
The brothers revealed that they have a younger brother at home.
Joseph uses this to propose a test of their sincerity.
One brother is to be sent to bring the youngest, while the others are kept in prison.
They are all put in prison for three days.
Genesis 42:18-22

18 Then Joseph said to them the third day, (resurrection day) “Do this and live, for I fear God:19 “If you are honest men, let one of your brothers be confined to your prison house; but you, go and carry grain for the famine of your houses.20 “And bring your youngest brother to me; so your words will be verified, and you shall not die.” And they did so.21 Then they said to one another, “We are truly guilty concerning our brother, for we saw the anguish of his soul when he pleaded with us, and we would not hear; therefore this distress has come upon us.”22 And Reuben answered them, saying, “Did I not speak to you, saying, ‘Do not sin against the boy’; and you would not listen? Therefore behold, his blood is now required of us.”

Related Scripture:

Galatians 6:7 Do not be deceived, God is not mocked; for whatever a man sows, that he will also reap.

Genesis 42:23

23 But they did not know that Joseph understood them, for he spoke to them through an interpreter. 24 And he turned himself away from them and wept. Then he returned to them again, and talked with them. And he took Simeon from them and bound him before their eyes.

SIMEON WAS THE ONE WHO TOOK THE LEAD IN THE CRUEL SLAUGHTER OF THE INHABITANTS OF SHECHEM. He was probably the ringleader of the brothers in their persecution of Joseph.

Genesis 42:25-28 Then Joseph gave a command to fill their sacks with grain, to restore every man’s money to his sack, and to give them provisions for the journey. Thus he did for them.26 So they loaded their donkeys with the grain and departed from there.27 But as one of them opened his sack to give his donkey feed at the encampment, he saw his money; and there it was, in the mouth of his sack.28 So he said to his brothers, “My money has been restored, and there it is, in my sack!” Then their hearts failed them and they were afraid, saying to one another, “What is this that God has done to us?”

Summary Gen.42:18-28

Joseph changed his plan, and discovered the effect of his pose as a tyrant.

Instead of sending only one brother to bring Benjamin, and keeping the rest, he decided to send all but one brother.
He told them that he had made the change, because he “feared God.”
The Egyptians were not worshipers of the true God.
This admission on Joseph’s part did not cause the brothers to wonderabout Joseph’s identity.
This new plan enabled Joseph to provide grain for the whole household of his father.
Joseph overheard his brothers, when they supposed that their situation was a punishment for what they had done to him.
The brothers expressed regret for refusing to listen to Joseph’s pleas.
Reuben tried to justify himself by accusing the others.
The brothers were more afraid, later, when one of them discovered that Joseph had returned his money, in a sack of grain.
Gen. 18:29 Then they went to Jacob their father in the land of Canaan and told him all that had happened to them, saying:30 “The man who is lord of the land spoke roughly to us, and took us for spies of the country.31 “But we said to him, ‘We are honest men; we are not spies.32 ‘We are twelve brothers, sons of our father; one is no more, and the youngest is with our father this day in the land of Canaan.’33 “Then the man, the lord of the country, said to us, ‘By this I will know that you are honest men: Leave one of your brothers here with me, take food for the famine of your households, and be gone.34 ‘And bring your youngest brother to me; so I shall know that you are not spies, but that you are honest men. I will grant your brother to you, and you may trade in the land.’ ”35 Then it happened as they emptied their sacks, that surprisingly each man’s bundle of money was in his sack; and when they and their father saw the bundles of money, they were afraid.36 And Jacob their father said to them, “You have bereaved me: Joseph is no more, Simeon is no more, and you want to take Benjamin. All these things are against me.”37 Then Reuben spoke to his father, saying, “Kill my two sons if I do not bring him back to you; put him in my hands, and I will bring him back to you.”38 But he said, “My son shall not go down with you, for his brother is dead, and he is left alone. If any calamity should befall him along the way in which you go, then you would bring down my gray hair with sorrow to the grave.”

Summary Gen. 42:29-38

Jacob received the report of their trip to Egypt, but rejected the plan to take Benjamin back to Egypt.

The nine returning brothers reported all that had happened to them.
They discovered that all their sacks of grain contained the money they had carried to Egypt, and were made even more afraid.
Jacob refused to allow Benjamin to be taken to Egypt.
While speaking of the cause for his refusal, Jacob was generous enough to include the loss of Simeon with that of Joseph.
Jacob refused Reuben’s offer to allow him to kill his two sons, if he did not bring Benjamin back safely.
Jacob still thought that Joseph was dead (Vs. 38), and did not want his favorite son, Benjamin, to suffer the same fate.
Genesis 43:1-34

Now the famine was severe in the land.2 And it came to pass, when they had eaten up the grain which they had brought from Egypt, that their father said to them, “Go back, buy us a little food.”3 But Judah spoke to him, saying, “The man solemnly warned us, saying, ‘You shall not see my face unless your brother is with you.’ ”4 “If you send our brother with us, we will go down and buy you food.5 “But if you will not send him, we will not go down; for the man said to us, ‘You shall not see my face unless your brother is with you.’ ”6 And Israel said, “Why did you deal so wrongfully with me as to tell the man whether you had still another brother?”7 But they said, “The man asked us pointedly about ourselves and our family, saying, ‘Is your father still alive? Have you another brother?’ And we told him according to these words. Could we possibly have known that he would say, ‘Bring your brother down’?”

Gen. 43:8 Then Judah said to Israel his father, “Send the lad with me, and we will arise and go, that we may live and not die, both we and you and also our little ones.9 “I myself will be surety for him; from my hand you shall require him. If I do not bring him back to you and set him before you, then let me bear the blame forever.10 “For if we had not lingered, surely by now we would have returned this second time.”

Summary Gen. 43:1-10

The brothers refused to return to Egypt without Benjamin.

The severity of the famine forced Jacob to send to Egypt for more food.
His sons reminded him that they were under orders to bring Benjamin.
Joseph had warned them that no deal for food could be made, unless this
order was obeyed.

Jacob said his sons had treated him badly by revealing the existence of another

His sons defended their actions by saying that they were closely questioned.
(This is not confirmed in the account of 42:9-13.)

Judah offered to be the guarantor for Benjamin’s safe return.
Judah also said that the delay in making this decision had prevented them
from making two more trips.

Gen. 42:11 And their father Israel said to them, “If it must be so, then do this: Take some of the best fruits of the land in your vessels and carry down a present for the man—a little balm and a little honey, spices and myrrh, pistachio nuts and almonds.12 “Take double money in your hand, and take back in your hand the money that was returned in the mouth of your sacks; perhaps it was an oversight.13 “Take your brother also, and arise, go back to the man.14 “And may God Almighty give you mercy before the man, that he may release your other brother and Benjamin. If I am bereaved, I am bereaved!”

This was the first time Jacob had mentioned God, he had momentarily forgotten those great deliverances at Bethel and again with the Angel at Penile (This is an important lesson for us. We can see God in our blessings, but can we see Him when the storms come?)

Matthew 7:24-27 “Therefore whoever hears these sayings of Mine, and does them, I will liken him to a wise man who built his house on the rock:25 “and the rain descended, the floods came, and the winds blew and beat on that house; and it did not fall, for it was founded on the rock.26 “But everyone who hears these sayings of Mine, and does not do them, will be like a foolish man who built his house on the sand:27 “and the rain descended, the floods came, and the winds blew and beat on that house; and it fell. And great was its fall.”

Gen.43:15 So the men took that present and Benjamin, and they took double money in their hand, and arose and went down to Egypt; and they stood before Joseph.

Summary Gen. 43:11-15

Jacob finally accepted the need to send Benjamin with his brothers to Egypt.

In order to give assurance to the governor of Egypt, Jacob also sent the best of the products of the land as a gift.
They were also to take back double payment for the grain to show their honesty

Gen. 42:16 When Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the steward of his house, “Take these men to my home, and slaughter an animal and make ready; for these men will dine with me at noon.”17 Then the man did as Joseph ordered, and the man brought the men into Joseph’s house.18 Now the men were afraid because they were brought into Joseph’s house; and they said, “It is because of the money, which was returned in our sacks the first time, that we are brought in, so that he may make a case against us and fall upon us, to take us as slaves with our donkeys.”19 When they drew near to the steward of Joseph’s house, they talked with him at the door of the house,20 and said, “O sir, we indeed came down the first time to buy food;21 “but it happened, when we came to the encampment, that we opened our sacks, and there, each man’s money was in the mouth of his sack, our money in full weight; so we have brought it back in our hand.22 “And we have brought down other money in our hands to buy food. We do not know who put our money in our sacks.”23 But he said, “Peace be with you, do not be afraid. Your God and the God of your father has given you treasure in your sacks; I had your money.” Then he brought Simeon out to them.24 So the man brought the men into Joseph’s house and gave them water, and they washed their feet; and he gave their donkeys feed.25 Then they made the present ready for Joseph’s coming at noon, for they heard that they would eat bread there.

Summary Gen. 43:16-25

The brothers were invited to dine with Joseph.

When Joseph saw that Benjamin was with them, he told his steward to invite the brothers to dine in his house.
The brothers were fearful about this change in Joseph’s attitude toward them.
They first supposed that they would be held accountable for the money that
was returned to them on the first trip.

They also thought that Joseph would make all of them slaves.
They decided to bring up the subject of the returned money to the steward.
The steward put them at ease by attributing the return of the money to God.
This should have been another clue to the brothers that they were dealing
with someone who knew their God.

They do not seem to recognize the significance of the clue.
The brothers prepared to dine with Joseph, and give him their present.

Gen. 43:26 And when Joseph came home, they brought him the present which was in their hand into the house, and bowed down before him to the earth.27 Then he asked them about their well-being, and said, “Is your father well, the old man of whom you spoke? Is he still alive?”28 And they answered, “Your servant our father is in good health; he is still alive.” And they bowed their heads down and prostrated themselves.29 Then he lifted his eyes and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother’s son, and said, “Is this your younger brother of whom you spoke to me?” And he said, “God be gracious to you, my son.”30 Now his heart yearned for his brother; so Joseph made haste and sought somewhere to weep. And he went into his chamber and wept there.31 Then he washed his face and came out; and he restrained himself, and said, “Serve the bread.”32 So they set him a place by himself, and them by themselves, and the Egyptians who ate with him by themselves; because the Egyptians could not eat food with the Hebrews, for that is an abomination to the Egyptians.33 And they sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright and the youngest according to his youth; and the men looked in astonishment at one another.34 Then he took servings to them from before him, but Benjamin’s serving was five times as much as any of theirs. So they drank and were merry with him.

Summary Gen. 43:26-34

The dinner at Joseph’s house.

Again, the brothers bowed to Joseph, after offering their gifts.
Joseph asked about the welfare of their father.
He then asked if Benjamin was the youngest brother they had mentioned to him.
Again, Joseph used a reference to God in blessing Benjamin.
He was overcome with emotion at seeing his brother, and left the room.
He returned to dine with them.
He sat apart from them, because Egyptians would not eat with Hebrews.
He seated them in the order of their birth, which astonished them. (NOTE:
there was only about 7-8 years difference in the age of all the brothers, and

their appearance would not have distinguished the eldest to the youngest.)

He took portions of food to them from his table, but gave Benjamin five times
as much as he gave the others.

The brothers supposed that he meant them no harm, and were at ease.
Genesis 44:1-34

And he commanded the steward of his house, saying, “Fill the men’s sacks with food, as much as they can carry, and put each man’s money in the mouth of his sack.2 “Also put my cup, the silver cup, in the mouth of the sack of the youngest, and his grain money.” So he did according to the word that Joseph had spoken.3 As soon as the morning dawned, the men were sent away, they and their donkeys.4 When they had gone out of the city, and were not yet far off, Joseph said to his steward, “Get up, follow the men; and when you overtake them, say to them, ‘Why have you repaid evil for good?5 ‘Is not this the one from which my lord drinks, and with which he indeed practices divination? You have done evil in so doing.’ ”6 So he overtook them, and he spoke to them these same words.7 And they said to him, “Why does my lord say these words? Far be it from us that your servants should do such a thing.8 “Look, we brought back to you from the land of Canaan the money which we found in the mouth of our sacks. How then could we steal silver or gold from your lord’s house?9 “With whomever of your servants it is found, let him die, and we also will be my lord’s slaves.”10 And he said, “Now also let it be according to your words; he with whom it is found shall be my slave, and you shall be blameless.”11 Then each man speedily let down his sack to the ground, and each opened his sack.12 So he searched. He began with the oldest and left off with the youngest; and the cup was found in Benjamin’s sack.13 Then they tore their clothes, and each man loaded his donkey and returned to the city.

Summary Gen. 44:1-13

Joseph tested the sincerity of his brothers by playing an incriminating trick on them.

He commanded his servant to put back the payment money in their sacks again,and put his cup in the sack of Benjamin.
The servant charged the brothers with stealing Joseph’s cup.
The value of the cup was represented as a means for “divination.”
This would be a convincing ruse, because the Egyptians practiced divination.
When the search was made, from the sack of the oldest to that of the youngest,
the cup was found in Benjamin’s sack.

They tore their clothes in despair at this turn of events.

Gen. 44:14 So Judah and his brothers came to Joseph’s house, and he was still there; and they fell before him on the ground.15 And Joseph said to them, “What deed is this you have done? Did you not know that such a man as I can certainly practice divination?”16 Then Judah said, “What shall we say to my lord? What shall we speak? Or how shall we clear ourselves? God has found out the iniquity of your servants; here we are, my lord’s slaves, both we and he also with whom the cup was found.”17 But he said, “Far be it from me that I should do so; the man in whose hand the cup was found, he shall be my slave. And as for you, go up in peace to your father.”18 Then Judah came near to him and said: “O my lord, please let your servant speak a word in my lord’s hearing, and do not let your anger burn against your servant; for you are even like Pharaoh.19 “My lord asked his servants, saying, ‘Have you a father or a brother?’20 “And we said to my lord, ‘We have a father, an old man, and a child of his old age, who is young; his brother is dead, and he alone is left of his mother’s children, and his father loves him.’21 “Then you said to your servants, ‘Bring him down to me, that I may set my eyes on him.’22 “And we said to my lord, ‘The lad cannot leave his father, for if he should leave his father, his father would die.’23 “But you said to your servants, ‘Unless your youngest brother comes down with you, you shall see my face no more.’24 “So it was, when we went up to your servant my father, that we told him the words of my lord.25 “And our father said, ‘Go back and buy us a little food.’26 “But we said, ‘We cannot go down; if our youngest brother is with us, then we will go down; for we may not see the man’s face unless our youngest brother is with us.’27 “Then your servant my father said to us, ‘You know that my wife bore me two sons;28 ‘and the one went out from me, and I said, “Surely he is torn to pieces”; and I have not seen him since.29 ‘But if you take this one also from me, and calamity befalls him, you shall bring down my gray hair with sorrow to the grave.’30 “Now therefore, when I come to your servant my father, and the lad is not with us, since his life is bound up in the lad’s life,31 “it will happen, when he sees that the lad is not with us, that he will die. So your servants will bring down the gray hair of your servant our father with sorrow to the grave.32 “For your servant became surety for the lad to my father, saying, ‘If I do not bring him back to you, then I shall bear the blame before my father forever.’33 “Now therefore, please let your servant remain instead of the lad as a slave to my lord, and let the lad go up with his brothers.34 “For how shall I go up to my father if the lad is not with me, lest perhaps I see the evil that would come upon my father?”

Summary Gen. 44:14-34

Joseph’s trick brought out an honest defense.

On their return to Joseph’s house, the brothers all bowed down to him again.
To cover his trick, Joseph claimed the ability to practice divination.
Divination was a practice similar to fortune-telling.
It was condemned in the Law of Moses.
Leviticus 19:26 “You shall not eat anything with the blood, nor practice
divination or soothsaying.”

Deuteronomy 18:10 “There shall not be found among you anyone who makes
his son or his daughter pass through the fire, one who uses divination, one who

practices witchcraft, or one who interprets omens, or a sorcerer…”

The brothers interpreted this trouble to be a punishment from God for their sins.
Joseph sentenced Benjamin to be made his slave, but the others could leave.
He knew that this tactic would reveal their true nature.
This final test was successful.
Judah was the spokesman for their defense.
He is very respectful to Joseph, since he was “equal to Pharaoh.”
It is wise to be respectful to those in authority. Proverbs 16:14 “The fury of a
king is like messengers of death, but a wise man will appease it.”

The Apostle Paul showed this kind of respect. Acts 26:2-3 “In regard to all
the things of which I am accused by the Jews, I consider myself fortunate, King

Agrippa, that I am about to make my defense before you today; [3] especially

because you are an expert in all customs and questions among the Jews; therefore I beg you to listen to me patiently.”

Judah related what had passed between the brothers and their father.
He explained that their father was unwilling to send Benjamin, because he
was a favorite son, the only son left of his favorite wife.

Because of this, their father would likely die, if they did not return to their
father with Benjamin.

Judah honored his promise to his father (43:8-9) by offering to be a substitute
for Benjamin, if he was threatened with slavery.

Genesis 44:18-33

18 Then Judah came near to him and said: “O my lord, please let your servant speak a word in my lord’s hearing, and do not let your anger burn against your servant; for you are even like Pharaoh.19 “My lord asked his servants, saying, ‘Have you a father or a brother?’20 “And we said to my lord, ‘We have a father, an old man, and a child of his old age, who is young; his brother is dead, and he alone is left of his mother’s children, and his father loves him.’21 “Then you said to your servants, ‘Bring him down to me, that I may set my eyes on him.’22 “And we said to my lord, ‘The lad cannot leave his father, for if he should leave his father, his father would die.’23 “But you said to your servants, ‘Unless your youngest brother comes down with you, you shall see my face no more.’24 “So it was, when we went up to your servant my father, that we told him the words of my lord.25 “And our father said, ‘Go back and buy us a little food.’26 “But we said, ‘We cannot go down; if our youngest brother is with us, then we will go down; for we may not see the man’s face unless our youngest brother is with us.’27 “Then your servant my father said to us, ‘You know that my wife bore me two sons;28 ‘and the one went out from me, and I said, “Surely he is torn to pieces”; and I have not seen him since.29 ‘But if you take this one also from me, and calamity befalls him, you shall bring down my gray hair with sorrow to the grave.’30 “Now therefore, when I come to your servant my father, and the lad is not with us, since his life is bound up in the lad’s life,31 “it will happen, when he sees that the lad is not with us, that he will die. So your servants will bring down the gray hair of your servant our father with sorrow to the grave.32 “For your servant became surety for the lad to my father, saying, ‘If I do not bring him back to you, then I shall bear the blame before my father forever.’33 “Now therefore, please let your servant remain instead of the lad as a slave to my lord, and let the lad go up with his brothers. 34 “For how shall I go up to my father if the lad is not with me, lest perhaps I see the evil that would come upon my father?”

Joseph with much skill, guided by the Spirit of God, had dealt with his brethren in a way that had broken their self-will. Now that they had laid their very souls to bare, they were in a state whereby Joseph in return could pour out his love, forgiveness, and affections to them,. The moment for him to make himself known had come.

Genesis 45:1-4

Then Joseph could not restrain himself before all those who stood by him, and he cried out, “Make everyone go out from me!” So no one stood with him while Joseph made himself known to his brothers.2 And he wept aloud, and the Egyptians and the house of Pharaoh heard it.3 Then Joseph said to his brothers, “I am Joseph; does my father still live?” But his brothers could not answer him, for they were dismayed in his presence.4 And Joseph said to his brothers, “Please come near to me.” So they came near. Then he said:

“I am Joseph your brother, whom you sold into Egypt.

The story of Joseph is an early account of the forgiving nature God expects us to display in our treatment of those who have wronged us. It is a prime example of Christ-like love. Though Joseph’s brothers sold him into slavery and deceived his father into thinking him dead, when he confronts his brothers during their time of need, forgiveness and love burst forth from his heart.

With uncanny faith in the overriding providences of God, Joseph even professes his belief that God had redeemed his brother’s betrayal of him by using it as a means to deliver his family in a time of famine. Joseph’s forgiveness of his brothers’ sin is so complete that he kisses each of them and weeps with joy at being united with them once again. Brotherly love is expressive, self-giving, and offered in a way that is easily received. Today let us be alert to an opportunity to show the same kind of love and forgiveness that Joseph did to someone God brings across our path.

Type & Shadow # 26: Both Joseph and Jesus forgave.

Luke 23:34 Then Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they do.” And they divided His garments and cast lots.

Genesis 45:5-28

5 “But now, do not therefore be grieved or angry with yourselves because you sold me here; for God sent me before you to preserve life.6 “For these two years the famine has been in the land, and there are still five years in which there will be neither plowing nor harvesting.7 “And God sent me before you to preserve a posterity for you in the earth, and to save your lives by a great deliverance.8 “So now it was not you who sent me here, but God; and He has made me a father to Pharaoh, and lord of all his house, and a ruler throughout all the land of Egypt.9 “Hurry and go up to my father, and say to him, ‘Thus says your son Joseph: “God has made me lord of all Egypt; come down to me, do not tarry.10 “You shall dwell in the land of Goshen, and you shall be near to me, you and your children, your children’s children, your flocks and your herds, and all that you have.11 “There I will provide for you, lest you and your household, and all that you have, come to poverty; for there are still five years of famine.” ’12 “And behold, your eyes and the eyes of my brother Benjamin see that it is my mouth that speaks to you.13 “So you shall tell my father of all my glory in Egypt, and of all that you have seen; and you shall hurry and bring my father down here.”14 Then he fell on his brother Benjamin’s neck and wept, and Benjamin wept on his neck.15 Moreover he kissed all his brothers and wept over them, and after that his brothers talked with him.16 Now the report of it was heard in Pharaoh’s house, saying, “Joseph’s brothers have come.” So it pleased Pharaoh and his servants well.17 And Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Say to your brothers, ‘Do this: Load your animals and depart; go to the land of Canaan.18 ‘Bring your father and your households and come to me; I will give you the best of the land of Egypt, and you will eat the fat of the land.19 ‘Now you are commanded—do this: Take carts out of the land of Egypt for your little ones and your wives; bring your father and come.20 ‘Also do not be concerned about your goods, for the best of all the land of Egypt is yours.’ ”21 Then the sons of Israel did so; and Joseph gave them carts, according to the command of Pharaoh, and he gave them provisions for the journey.22 He gave to all of them, to each man, changes of garments; but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver and five changes of garments.23 And he sent to his father these things: ten donkeys loaded with the good things of Egypt, and ten female donkeys loaded with grain, bread, and food for his father for the journey.24 So he sent his brothers away, and they departed; and he said to them, “See that you do not become troubled along the way.”25 Then they went up out of Egypt, and came to the land of Canaan to Jacob their father.26 And they told him, saying, “Joseph is still alive, and he is governor over all the land of Egypt.” And Jacob’s heart stood still, because he did not believe them.27 But when they told him all the words which Joseph had said to them, and when he saw the carts which Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit of Jacob their father revived.28 Then Israel said, “It is enough. Joseph my son is still alive. I will go and see him before I die.”

Genesis 46:1-27

So Israel took his journey with all that he had, and came to Beersheba, and offered sacrifices to the God of his father Isaac.2 Then God spoke to Israel in the visions of the night, and said, “Jacob, Jacob!” And he said, “Here I am.”3 So He said, “I am God, the God of your father; do not fear to go down to Egypt, for I will make of you a great nation there.4 “I will go down with you to Egypt, and I will also surely bring you up again; and Joseph will put his hand on your eyes.”5 Then Jacob arose from Beersheba; and the sons of Israel carried their father Jacob, their little ones, and their wives, in the carts which Pharaoh had sent to carry him.6 So they took their livestock and their goods, which they had acquired in the land of Canaan, and went to Egypt, Jacob and all his descendants with him.7 His sons and his sons’ sons, his daughters and his sons’ daughters, and all his descendants he brought with him to Egypt.8 Now these were the names of the children of Israel, Jacob and his sons, who went to Egypt: Reuben was Jacob’s firstborn.9 The sons of Reuben were Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.10 The sons of Simeon were Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jachin, Zohar, and Shaul, the son of a Canaanite woman.11 The sons of Levi were Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.12 The sons of Judah were Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez, and Zerah (but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan). The sons of Perez were Hezron and Hamul.13 The sons of Issachar were Tola, Puvah, Job, and Shimron.14 The sons of Zebulun were Sered, Elon, and Jahleel.15 These were the sons of Leah, whom she bore to Jacob in Padan Aram, with his daughter Dinah. All the persons, his sons and his daughters, were thirty-three.16 The sons of Gad were Ziphion, Haggi, Shuni, Ezbon, Eri, Arodi, and Areli.17 The sons of Asher were Jimnah, Ishuah, Isui, Beriah, and Serah, their sister. And the sons of Beriah were Heber and Malchiel.18 These were the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter; and these she bore to Jacob: sixteen persons.19 The sons of Rachel, Jacob’s wife, were Joseph and Benjamin.20 And to Joseph in the land of Egypt were born Manasseh and Ephraim, whom Asenath, the daughter of Poti-Pherah priest of On, bore to him.21 The sons of Benjamin were Belah, Becher, Ashbel, Gera, Naaman, Ehi, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim, and Ard.22 These were the sons of Rachel, who were born to Jacob: fourteen persons in all.23 The son of Dan was Hushim.24 The sons of Naphtali were Jahzeel, Guni, Jezer, and Shillem.25 These were the sons of Bilhah, whom Laban gave to Rachel his daughter, and she bore these to Jacob: seven persons in all.26 All the persons who went with Jacob to Egypt, who came from his body, besides Jacob’s sons’ wives, were sixty-six persons in all.27 And the sons of Joseph who were born to him in Egypt were two persons. All the persons of the house of Jacob who went to Egypt were seventy. 28 Then he sent Judah before him to Joseph, ( Praise sent first) to point out before him the way to Goshen. And they came to the land of Goshen.

Genesis 47:1-31

Then Joseph went and told Pharaoh, and said, “My father and my brothers, their flocks and their herds and all that they possess, have come from the land of Canaan; and indeed they are in the land of Goshen.”2 And he took five men from among his brothers and presented them to Pharaoh.3 Then Pharaoh said to his brothers, “What is your occupation?” And they said to Pharaoh, “Your servants are shepherds, both we and also our fathers.”4 And they said to Pharaoh, “We have come to dwell in the land, because your servants have no pasture for their flocks, for the famine is severe in the land of Canaan. Now therefore, please let your servants dwell in the land of Goshen.”5 Then Pharaoh spoke to Joseph, saying, “Your father and your brothers have come to you.6 “The land of Egypt is before you. Have your father and brothers dwell in the best of the land; let them dwell in the land of Goshen. And if you know any competent men among them, then make them chief herdsmen over my livestock.”7 Then Joseph brought in his father Jacob and set him before Pharaoh; and Jacob blessed Pharaoh.8 Pharaoh said to Jacob, “How old are you?”9 And Jacob said to Pharaoh, “The days of the years of my pilgrimage are one hundred and thirty years; few and evil have been the days of the years of my life, and they have not attained to the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage.”10 So Jacob blessed Pharaoh, and went out from before Pharaoh.11 And Joseph situated his father and his brothers, and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had commanded.12 Then Joseph provided his father, his brothers, and all his father’s household with bread, according to the number in their families.

Gen.47:13 Now there was no bread in all the land; for the famine was very severe, so that the land of Egypt and the land of Canaan languished because of the famine.14 And Joseph gathered up all the money that was found in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan, for the grain which they bought; and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh’s house.15 So when the money failed in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan, all the Egyptians came to Joseph and said, “Give us bread, for why should we die in your presence? For the money has failed.”16 Then Joseph said, “Give your livestock, and I will give you bread for your livestock, if the money is gone.”17 So they brought their livestock to Joseph, and Joseph gave them bread in exchange for the horses, the flocks, the cattle of the herds, and for the donkeys. Thus he fed them with bread in exchange for all their livestock that year.18 When that year had ended, they came to him the next year and said to him, “We will not hide from my lord that our money is gone; my lord also has our herds of livestock. There is nothing left in the sight of my lord but our bodies and our lands.19 “Why should we die before your eyes, both we and our land? Buy us and our land for bread, and we and our land will be servants of Pharaoh; give us seed, that we may live and not die, that the land may not be desolate.”20 Then Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh; for every man of the Egyptians sold his field, because the famine was severe upon them. So the land became Pharaoh’s.21 And as for the people, he moved them into the cities, from one end of the borders of Egypt to the other end.22 Only the land of the priests he did not buy; for the priests had rations allotted to them by Pharaoh, and they ate their rations which Pharaoh gave them; therefore they did not sell their lands.23 Then Joseph said to the people, “Indeed I have bought you and your land this day for Pharaoh. Look, here is seed for you, and you shall sow the land.24 “And it shall come to pass in the harvest that you shall give one-fifth to Pharaoh. Four-fifths shall be your own, as seed for the field and for your food, for those of your households and as food for your little ones.”25 So they said, “You have saved our lives; let us find favor in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh’s servants.”26 And Joseph made it a law over the land of Egypt to this day, that Pharaoh should have one-fifth, except for the land of the priests only, which did not become Pharaoh’s.27 So Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt, in the country of Goshen; and they had possessions there and grew and multiplied exceedingly.28 And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years. So the length of Jacob’s life was one hundred and forty-seven years.29 When the time drew near that Israel must die, he called his son Joseph and said to him, “Now if I have found favor in your sight, please put your hand under my thigh, and deal kindly and truly with me. Please do not bury me in Egypt,30 “but let me lie with my fathers; you shall carry me out of Egypt and bury me in their burial place.” And he said, “I will do as you have said.”31 Then he said, “Swear to me.” And he swore to him. So Israel bowed himself on the head of the bed.

Genesis 48:1-22

Now it came to pass after these things that Joseph was told, “Indeed your father is sick”; and he took with him his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim.2 And Jacob was told, “Look, your son Joseph is coming to you”; and Israel strengthened himself and sat up on the bed.3 Then Jacob said to Joseph: “God Almighty appeared to me at Luz in the land of Canaan and blessed me,4 “and said to me, ‘Behold, I will make you fruitful and multiply you, and I will make of you a multitude of people, and give this land to your descendants after you as an everlasting possession.’5 “And now your two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, who were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came to you in Egypt, are mine; as Reuben and Simeon, they shall be mine.6 “Your offspring whom you beget after them shall be yours; they will be called by the name of their brothers in their inheritance.7 “But as for me, when I came from Padan, Rachel died beside me in the land of Canaan on the way, when there was but a little distance to go to Ephrath; and I buried her there on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem).”

Gen.48:8 Then Israel saw Joseph’s sons, and said, “Who are these?”9 And Joseph said to his father, “They are my sons, whom God has given me in this place.” And he said, “Please bring them to me, and I will bless them.”10 Now the eyes of Israel were dim with age, so that he could not see. Then Joseph brought them near him, and he kissed them and embraced them.11 And Israel said to Joseph, “I had not thought to see your face; but in fact, God has also shown me your offspring!”12 So Joseph brought them from beside his knees, and he bowed down with his face to the earth.13 And Joseph took them both, Ephraim with his right hand toward Israel’s left hand, and Manasseh with his left hand toward Israel’s right hand, and brought them near him.14 Then Israel stretched out his right hand and laid it on Ephraim’s head, who was the younger, and his left hand on Manasseh’s head, guiding his hands knowingly, for Manasseh was the firstborn.15 And he blessed Joseph, and said:

“God, before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked, The God who has fed me all my life long to this day, 16 The Angel who has redeemed me from all evil, Bless the lads; Let my name be named upon them, And the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; And let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth.”17 Now when Joseph saw that his father laid his right hand on the head of Ephraim, it displeased him; so he took hold of his father’s hand to remove it from Ephraim’s head to Manasseh’s head.18 And Joseph said to his father, “Not so, my father, for this one is the firstborn; put your right hand on his head.”19 But his father refused and said, “I know, my son, I know. He also shall become a people, and he also shall be great; but truly his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his descendants shall become a multitude of nations.”20 So he blessed them that day, saying, “By you Israel will bless, saying, ‘May God make you as Ephraim and as Manasseh!’ ” And thus he set Ephraim before Manasseh.21 Then Israel said to Joseph, “Behold, I am dying, but God will be with you and bring you back to the land of your fathers.22 “Moreover I have given to you one portion above your brothers, which I took from the hand of the Amorite with my sword and my bow.”

Genesis 49:1-33

And Jacob called his sons and said, “Gather together, that I may tell you what shall befall you in the last days:2 “Gather together and hear, you sons of Jacob, 1 And listen to Israel your father.


Gen. 49:3 “Reuben, you are my firstborn, My might and the beginning of my strength, The excellency of dignity and the excellency of power.4 Unstable as water, you shall not excel, Because you went up to your father’s bed; Then you defiled it—He went up to my couch.5 “Simeon and Levi are brothers; Instruments of cruelty are in their dwelling place.6 Let not my soul enter their council; Let not my honor be united to their assembly; For in their anger they slew a man, And in their self-will they hamstrung an ox.7 Cursed be their anger, for it is fierce; And their wrath, for it is cruel! I will divide them in Jacob And scatter them in Israel.8 “Judah, you are he whom your brothers shall praise; Your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies; Your father’s children shall bow down before you.9 Judah is a lion’s whelp; From the prey, my son, you have gone up. He bows down, he lies down as a lion; And as a lion, who shall rouse him?10 The scepter shall not depart from Judah, Nor a lawgiver from between his feet, Until Shiloh ( JESUS CHRIST THE MESSIAH) comes; And to Him shall be the obedience of the people.11 Binding his donkey to the vine, And his donkey’s colt to the choice vine, He washed his garments in wine, And his clothes in the blood of grapes.12 His eyes are darker than wine, And his teeth whiter than milk.13 “Zebulun shall dwell by the haven of the sea; He shall become a haven for ships, And his border shall adjoin Sidon.14 “Issachar is a strong donkey, Lying down between two burdens;15 He saw that rest was good, And that the land was pleasant; He bowed his shoulder to bear a burden, And became a band of slaves.16 “Dan shall judge his people As one of the tribes of Israel.17 Dan shall be a serpent by the way, A viper by the path, That bites the horse’s heels So that its rider shall fall backward.18 I have waited for your salvation, O Lord!19 “Gad, a troop shall tramp upon him, But he shall triumph at last.20 “Bread from Asher shall be rich, And he shall yield royal dainties.21 “Naphtali is a deer let loose; He uses beautiful words.22 “Joseph is a fruitful bough, A fruitful bough by a well; His branches run over the wall.23 The archers have bitterly grieved him, Shot at him and hated him.24 But his bow remained in strength, And the arms of his hands were made strong By the hands of the Mighty God of Jacob (From there is the Shepherd, the Stone of Israel),25 By the God of your father who will help you, And by the Almighty who will bless you With blessings of heaven above, Blessings of the deep that lies beneath, Blessings of the breasts and of the womb.26 The blessings of your father Have excelled the blessings of my ancestors, Up to the utmost bound of the everlasting hills. They shall be on the head of Joseph, And on the crown of the head of him who was separate from his brothers.27 “Benjamin is a ravenous wolf; In the morning he shall devour the prey, And at night he shall divide the spoil.”28 All these are the twelve tribes of Israel, and this is what their father spoke to them. And he blessed them; he blessed each one according to his own blessing.

Generational Blessing

Gen. 49:29 Then he charged them and said to them: “I am to be gathered to my people; bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite,30 “in the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought with the field of Ephron the Hittite as a possession for a burial place.31 “There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife, there they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife, and there I buried Leah.32 “The field and the cave that is there were purchased from the sons of Heth.”33 And when Jacob had finished commanding his sons, he drew his feet up into the bed and breathed his last, and was gathered to his people.

Genesis 50:1-26

Then Joseph fell on his father’s face, and wept over him, and kissed him.2 And Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father. So the physicians embalmed Israel.3 Forty days were required for him, for such are the days required for those who are embalmed; and the Egyptians mourned for him seventy days.4 And when the days of his mourning were past, Joseph spoke to the household of Pharaoh, saying, “If now I have found favor in your eyes, please speak in the hearing of Pharaoh, saying,5 ‘My father made me swear, saying, “Behold, I am dying; in my grave which I dug for myself in the land of Canaan, there you shall bury me.” Now therefore, please let me go up and bury my father, and I will come back.’ ”6 And Pharaoh said, “Go up and bury your father, as he made you swear.”7 So Joseph went up to bury his father; and with him went up all the servants of Pharaoh, the elders of his house, and all the elders of the land of Egypt,8 as well as all the house of Joseph, his brothers, and his father’s house. Only their little ones, their flocks, and their herds they left in the land of Goshen.9 And there went up with him both chariots and horsemen, and it was a very great gathering.10 Then they came to the threshing floor of Atad, which is beyond the Jordan, and they mourned there with a great and very solemn lamentation. He observed seven days of mourning for his father.11 And when the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, saw the mourning at the threshing floor of Atad, they said, “This is a deep mourning of the Egyptians.” Therefore its name was called Abel Mizraim, which is beyond the Jordan.12 So his sons did for him just as he had commanded them.13 For his sons carried him to the land of Canaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, before Mamre, which Abraham bought with the field from Ephron the Hittite as property for a burial place.14 And after he had buried his father, Joseph returned to Egypt, he and his brothers and all who went up with him to bury his father.15 When Joseph’s brothers saw that their father was dead, they said, “Perhaps Joseph will hate us, and may actually repay us for all the evil which we did to him.”16 So they sent messengers to Joseph, saying, “Before your father died he commanded, saying,17 ‘Thus you shall say to Joseph: “I beg you, please forgive the trespass of your brothers and their sin; for they did evil to you.” ’ Now, please, forgive the trespass of the servants of the God of your father.” And Joseph wept when they spoke to him.18 Then his brothers also went and fell down before his face, and they said, “Behold, we are your servants.”19 Joseph said to them, “Do not be afraid, for am I in the place of God?20 “But as for you, you meant evil against me; but God meant it for good, in order to bring it about as it is this day, to save many people alive.21 “Now therefore, do not be afraid; I will provide for you and your little ones.” And he comforted them and spoke kindly to them.22 So Joseph dwelt in Egypt, he and his father’s household. And Joseph lived one hundred and ten years.23 Joseph saw Ephraim’s children to the third generation. The children of Machir, the son of Manasseh, were also brought up on Joseph’s knees.24 And Joseph said to his brethren, “I am dying; but God will surely visit you, and bring you out of this land to the land of which He swore to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.”25 Then Joseph took an oath from the children of Israel, saying, “God will surely visit you, and you shall carry up my bones from here.”26 So Joseph died, being one hundred and ten years old; and they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt.



Messianic Prophecies

Gen. 49:10…The time of His coming…Lu. 2:1-7; Gal. 4:4
Gen. 49:10…….The Seed of Judah…….Lu. 3:33
Gen. 49:10……Called Shiloh or One Sent……Jn. 17:3
Gen. 49:10…To come before Judah lost identity…Jn. 11:47-52
Gen. 49:10…To Him shall the obedience of the people be…Jn. 10:16


Restoration of All Things (Act 3:21) Whom (Jesus) the heaven must retain until the times of restoration of all things, which God has spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began.

ALL THE WORLD-Gospel of the kingdom {—–}

Whosoever Will




FINISHED WORK- JESUS CHRIST- Complete Restoration- Law Fulfilled




(All Israel)-LAND(Deuteronomy)




(Abraham) FAMILY


(Noah) PLAN




Author Becca Card

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