was successfully added to your cart.




The Gospel of Matthew (Lesson 7 Continued) 09-18-21



CHPTRS. 20-24

Explanations Continued Matt. 22:37-46 & Matt. Chapter 23

c. But concerning the resurrection of the dead, have you not read what was spoken to you by God: Jesus demonstrated the reality of the resurrection using only the Torah; the five books of Moses, which were the only books the Sadducees accepted as authoritative. If Abraham, Isaac and Jacob did not live on in resurrection, then God would say that He was the God of Abraham, instead of saying “I am the God of Abraham.”

D. Question from a Scribe.
1. (34-36) Question from a lawyer among the Pharisees: which is the greatest commandment?
a. When the Pharisees heard that He had silenced the Sadducees, they gathered: Matthew gives us the fascinating scene of the opponents of Jesus working hard to embarrass Him – and working unsuccessfully.

b. Asked Him a question, testing Him: This question was also planned to trap Jesus. In asking Jesus to choose one great commandment, they hoped to make Jesus show neglect for another area of the law.
1). The Rabbis reckoned up 613 commandments of the law; and distinguished them into the greater and the lesser. These later they thought might be neglected or violated with little or no guilt.

As Moses’ law or commandments are mentioned, it is not just referring to the 10 Commandments, but the 613 laws later added–Levitical law, governmental laws, judicial laws, moral laws, spiritual laws, civil laws, keeping of feasts and festivals. Jesus/ Yahshua is our guide when it comes to obedience, as He provided the proper example of how to live the precepts of His Father Yahweh. Being sinless, Yahshua was faithful to the Old Testament commandments, including the weekly Sabbath and Feasts, Hebrews 4:15, 1Peter 2:22. JESUS/YAHSHUA FULFILLED THE LAW!!

2. (37-40) Jesus answers: Loving God and your neighbor.

Matthew 22:37-39 Jesus said to him, “‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ 38 This is the first and great commandment. 39 And the second is like it: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ Notice heart ( mind of the spirit), soul ( mind, will and emotions,) and mind mentioned again.

1st and only commandment—PERFECT LOVE

Matthew 22:37-39 Jesus said to him, “ ‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ “This is the first and great commandment. “And the second is like it: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’

1 Peter 4:8 And above all things have fervent love for one another, for “love will cover a multitude of sins.”

1 John 4:18 There is no fear in love; but perfect love casts out fear, because fear involves torment. But he who fears has not been made perfect in love.

Galatians 5:13-17 For you, brethren, have been called to liberty; only do not use liberty as an opportunity for the flesh, but through love serve one another.14 For all the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this: “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.”15 But if you bite and devour one another, beware lest you be consumed by one another! 16 I say then: Walk in the Spirit, and you shall not fulfill the lust of the flesh.17 For the flesh lusts against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; and these are contrary to one another, so that you do not do the things that you wish.

Ephesians 5:2 And walk in love, as Christ also has loved us and given Himself for us, an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweet-smelling aroma.

Sin by definition: An act which expresses man’s selfishness and his failure to love his God or his neighbor at some given point of contact.


a. Jesus said to him: Perfectly understanding the essence of the law, Jesus had no difficulty answering. Instead of promoting one command over another, Jesus defined the law in its core principles: love the LORD with everything you have and love your neighbor as yourself.
i. It is clear enough what it means to love the LORD with all we are, though it is impossible to do perfectly. But there has been much confusion about what it means to love your neighbor as yourself. This doesn’t mean that we must love ourselves before we can love anyone else; it means that in the same way we take care of ourselves and are concerned about our own interests, we should take care and have concern for the interests of others.

b. On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets: God’s moral expectation of man can be briefly and powerfully said in these two sentences. If the life of God is real in our life, it will show by the presence of this love for God and others.

E. Jesus asks a question of His opponents.
1. (41-42a) Jesus asks about the lineage of the Messiah.

a. While the Pharisees were gathered together: Before they could think of another question to test Him, Jesus asked them a question.
b. What do you think about the Christ? Whose Son is He? This was similar to the question Jesus asked of His disciples in Matthew 16:13-15 (Who do you say that I am?). Jesus confronted His opponents with the need to decide who He was, connecting Himself to the Old Testament understanding of the Messiah (the Christ).

2. (42b) The Pharisees identify the lineage of the Messiah.

a. The Son of David: This is one of the great Old Testament titles of the Messiah. Founded on the covenant God made with King David in 2 Samuel 7, it identifies the Christ as the chosen descendant of King David’s royal line (see also Jeremiah 23:5-6, Isaiah 9:6-7, and Luke 1:31-33).
b. The Son of David: It is possible that the Pharisees did not know or had forgotten that Jesus was of the line of King David and was even born in Bethlehem, the city of David. When Jesus recently entered Jerusalem, it was noted that He was from Nazareth, and perhaps His connection to King David had been unknown or forgotten (Matthew 21:11).

3. (43-45) Jesus is not only David’s Son; He is also David’s Lord.

Ps. 110:1 The LORD said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.” Heb. 1:13

a. How then does David in the Spirit call Him Lord: The Pharisees were partially right in saying that the Messiah is the Son of David. But they didn’t have a complete understanding of who the Messiah is. He is not only David’s Son (a reference to His humanity), but He is also David’s Lord (a reference to the deity of Jesus, the Messiah).

b. If David then calls Him Lord, how is He his Son? Jesus’ brilliantly simple explanation of the Scriptures put the Pharisees on the defensive. They did not want to admit that the Messiah was also the LORD God, but Jesus showed this is true from the Scriptures.

4. (46) Jesus’ enemies in retreat.

a. No one was able to answer Him a word: The religious leaders hoped to trap Jesus and embarrass Him in front of the Passover pilgrims that crowded Jerusalem and heard Him teach. Yet Jesus embarrassed them instead.
1). Yet even their silence was a tribute. The teacher who never attended the right schools (John 7:15-18) confounds the greatest theologians in the land. And if his question (Matthew 22:45) was unanswerable at this time, a young Pharisee, who may have been in Jerusalem at the time, was to answer it in due course (Romans 1:1-4; 9:5).”

b. Nor from that day on did anyone dare question Him anymore: Logic and rhetoric proved useless in attacking Jesus. Now His enemies would use treachery and violence instead.
1). Jesus was done debating with the religious leaders. From now on he will not debate with the authorities but will go over their heads to the crowd.

Matthew 23:1-39
Then Jesus spoke to the multitudes and to His disciples,2 saying: “The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat.3 “Therefore whatever they tell you to observe, that observe and do, but do not do according to their works; for they say, and do not do.4 “For they bind heavy burdens, hard to bear, and lay them on men’s shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers.5 “But all their works they do to be seen by men. They make their phylacteries broad and enlarge the borders of their garments.6 “They love the best places at feasts, the best seats in the synagogues,7 “greetings in the marketplaces, and to be called by men, ‘Rabbi, Rabbi.’8 “But you, do not be called ‘Rabbi’; for One is your Teacher, the Christ, and you are all brethren.9 “Do not call anyone on earth your father; for One is your Father, He who is in heaven.10 “And do not be called teachers; for One is your Teacher, the Christ.11 “But he who is greatest among you shall be your servant.12 “And whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted.13 “But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you shut up the kingdom of heaven against men; for you neither go in yourselves, nor do you allow those who are entering to go in.14 “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you devour widows’ houses, and for a pretense make long prayers. Therefore, you will receive greater condemnation.15 “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you travel land and sea to win one proselyte, and when he is won, you make him twice as much a son of hell as yourselves.16 “Woe to you, blind guides, who say, ‘Whoever swears by the temple, it is nothing; but whoever swears by the gold of the temple, he is obliged to perform it.’17 “Fools and blind! For which is greater, the gold or the temple that sanctifies the gold?18 “And, ‘Whoever swears by the altar, it is nothing; but whoever swears by the gift that is on it, he is obliged to perform it.’19 “Fools and blind! For which is greater, the gift or the altar that sanctifies the gift?20 “Therefore he who swears by the altar, swears by it and by all things on it.21 “He who swears by the temple, swears by it and by Him who dwells in it.22 “And he who swears by heaven, swears by the throne of God and by Him who sits on it.23 “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you pay tithe of mint and anise and cumin and have neglected the weightier matters of the law: justice and mercy and faith. These you ought to have done, without leaving the others undone.24 “Blind guides, who strain out a gnat and swallow a camel!25 “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you cleanse the outside of the cup and dish, but inside they are full of extortion and self-indulgence.26 “Blind Pharisee, first cleanse the inside of the cup and dish, that the outside of them may be clean also.27 “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you are like whitewashed tombs which indeed appear beautiful outwardly, but inside are full of dead men’s bones and all uncleanness.28 “Even so you also outwardly appear righteous to men, but inside you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness.29 “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you build the tombs of the prophets and adorn the monuments of the righteous,30 “and say, ‘If we had lived in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets.’31 “Therefore you are witnesses against yourselves that you are sons of those who murdered the prophets.32 “Fill up, then, the measure of your fathers’ guilt.33 “Serpents, brood of vipers! How can you escape the condemnation of hell?34 “Therefore, indeed, I send you prophets, wise men, and scribes: some of them you will kill and crucify, and some of them you will scourge in your synagogues and persecute from city to city,35 “that on you may come all the righteous blood shed on the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah, son of Berechiah, whom you murdered between the temple and the altar.36 “Assuredly, I say to you, all these things will come upon this generation. 37 “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the one who kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, but you were not willing!38 “See! Your house is left to you desolate;39 “for I say to you, you shall see Me no more till you say, ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!’ ”
23:1-39 THE FALSE RELIGION OF THE PHERISAS Then Yah Shua words with the congregation and with his disciples, wording, Upon the seat of Mosheh sit the scribes and the Pherisas: so all they word to you to guard, guard and work: and as to their works, work not: for they word, and work not: and they bind heavy burdens and place them on the shoulders of the sons of humanity: and they with their fingers will to not offer them: and they work all their works to be seen by the sons of humanity: for they broaden their phylacteries and lengthen the fringes of their garments: and befriend the hierarchs feasting at suppers and the seats of hierarchs in the congregation and shaloms in the markets: and to be called by humanity, Rabbi. HONORARY TITLES RESERVED FOR DEITY And you, call yourselves not, Rabbi: for one is your Rabbi — even the Meshiah and you all, brothers: and call no man on earth, father: for one is your Father — in the heavens: and be not called leaders: because one is your leader, even the Meshiah. And whoever is Rabbi among you becomes your minister: and whoever exalts his soul humbles his soul: and whoever humbles his soul, exalts. YAH SHUA DENOUNCES THE PHERISAS Woe to you, scribes and Pherisas! Hypocrizing hypocrites! For you devour houses of widows and for a pretext prolong your prayers: because of this you take more judgment. But woe to you, scribes and Pherisas! Hypocrizing hypocrites! For you withhold the sovereigndom of the heavens in front of the sons of humanity: for you enter not — you those entering, you allow not to enter. Woe to you, scribes and Pherisas! Hypocrizing hypocrites!! For you surround the sea and the dry to work one proselyte: and when he becomes, you work him a son of Gihana — the Valley of Burning double above yourselves. Woe to You, you blind guides — you who word, He who oaths in the nave, as being naught whatever: and he who oaths in the gold of the nave, is indebted. Foolish and blind! for which is greater, The gold? Or the nave hallowing the gold? And, he who oaths in the sacrifice altar, as being naught whatever, and he who oaths in the qurbana upon is, is indebted. Foolish and blind! Which is greater, The qurbana? Or the sacrifice altar hallowing the qurbana? So he who oaths in the sacrifice altar, oaths in it, and by all — whatever it has upon it: and he who oaths in the nave, oaths therein and in him who inhabits therein: and he who oaths in the heavens, oaths in the throne of God, and in him sitting thereon. Woe to you, scribes and Pherisas! Hypocrizing hypocrites!! For you tithe of mint and anise and cummin and forsake the heavy matters of the torah — the judgment and the mercy and the trust: and you need to be working these and not to be forsaking these. Guides — blind! you strain at gnats and swallow camels. Woe to you, scribes and Pherisas! Hypocrizing hypocrites! For you purify the cup and the glass outside and inside they are filled with extortion and injustice. Blind Pherisas! First purify the inward cup and glass, so that it also becomes purified outside. Woe to you, scribes and Pherisas! Hypocrizing hypocrites! For you are like whitewashed tombs from afar manifest well but from within are filled with dead bones and all that is foul. Even thus you — from outside you also manifest to humanity as being just, and from the inside you are filled with injustice and hypocrizing hypocrisy. Woe to you, scribes and Pherisas! Hypocrizing hypocrites! For you build the tombs of the prophets
and you adorn the house of the tombs of the just: and you word, If we had been in the days of our fathers, we had not been — been partakers in the blood of the prophets. And then you witness upon your souls that you are the sons of them who slaughtered the prophets: and also you — you fulfill the measure of your fathers. Serpents! Offspring of vipers! How flee you from the judgment of Gihana — the Valley of Burning? Because of this, behold, I apostolize to you
prophets and wise and scribes: and of them, you slaughter and you stake and of them, you torture in your congregations and persecute from city to city:
so as there comes upon you all the just blood poured upon the earth — from the blood of just Habeil — to the blood of Zechar Yah son of Berak Yah whom you slaughtered between the nave and the sacrifice altar. Amen! I word to you,All these come upon this generation. YAH SHUA LAMENTS OVER URI SHELEM Uri Shelem! Uri Shelem! — you who slaughter the prophets and stone them apostolized to you — how often I willed to congregate your sons as a hen congregates her younglings under her wings — and you willed not! Behold, your house is forsaken to you, desolate. For I word to you, You see me not from now, until you word, Eulogized — he who comes in the name of Yah Veh. Aramaic NC

Explanations for Matthew 23:1-39
We will continue with Les.7 next week.

The blessings of the Lord are upon you whether by blood, adoption/sonship or assignment. The blessing of the LORD makes a person rich, and he adds no sorrow with it. Prov. 10:22

David & Mary Sue

The Gospel of Matthew – Lesson 7 (Continued) 08/28/21



CHPTRS. 20-24

Parable of the Wedding and the Father’s Invitation:

Putting On and Putting Off

The question is: “Do we wish to be found at the wedding feast adorned with the apparel of the “old man with his deeds”? — Are you putting off the “old man”, and putting on the “new man”? Do you know what you already have and are cultivating that?

Paul tells us in Ephesians You were taught, with regard to your former way of life, to put off your old self which is being corrupted by its deceitful desires; to be made new in the attitude of your minds; and to put on the new self…Ephesians 4:22-24a

Put on means: know :THIS HAS BEEN put on
Put off means: know : THIS HAS BEEN put off


“Put Off”
Scriptural Insight
“Put On”

Much of our entering into and manifesting the Abundant in Christ Life has to do with the renewing of our minds (Rom.12:2), “For as he thinketh i

Much of our entering into and manifesting the Abundant in Christ Life has to do with the renewing of our minds (Rom.12:2), “For as he thinketh in his heart, so IS he…”(Prov.23:7).


Renewing Your Mind

It is finished but there is a process. The process occurs by thinking (mediatating) about and confessing the truths of God’s Word. Proverbs 23:7 says, “For as a man thinks in his heart, so he is.”


We can begin this process by applying what we received in the Word to our daily lives. For each negative thing we think, God’s Word has a positive truth for it.


Lasting results do not come from anything tangible, but spiritual; lasting results come from renewing your mind and walking in the finished work of Christ! We are already perfect according to how God sees us; we just come to the knowledge of our perfection/sanctification..

Renewing your mind is sanctification: Sanctification is a gift (spiritually you have received it); also sanctification is a fruit (cultivate it as it grows in the soil of your heart).


We will continue with putting on and off and with Les.7 next week.


The blessings of the Lord are upon you whether by blood, adoption/sonship or assignment. The blessing of the LORD makes a person rich, and he adds no sorrow with it. Prov. 10:22


David & Mary Sue



The Gospel of Matthew (Lesson 7 Continued) 08/12/21



CHPTRS. 20-24

Chapter 21 Cont.’:

Matt. 21:28-32 The Parable of the Two Sons 28 “But what do you think? A man had two sons, and he came to the first and said, ‘Son, go, work today in my vineyard.’ 29 He answered and said, ‘I will not,’ but afterward he regretted it and went. 30 Then he came to the second and said likewise. And he answered and said, ‘I go, sir,’ but he did not go. 31 Which of the two did the will of his father?” They said to Him, “The first.” Jesus said to them, “Assuredly, I say to you that tax collectors and harlots enter the kingdom of God before you. 32 For John came to you in the way of righteousness, and you did not believe him; but tax collectors and harlots believed him; and when you saw it, you did not afterward [f]repent and believe him.

21:28-32 THE PARABLE OF THE TWO SONS And what see you? One man has two sons: and he approaches the first and words to him, Son, go this day and labor in my vineyard.

And he answers, wording, I will not! — and finally he repents and goes. And he approaches unto the other, and words likewise to him. And he answers wording, I, my lord: and goes not. Who of the two works the will of his father? They word to him, The first. Yah Shua words to them, Amen! I word to you, That the customs agents and the whores precede you into the sovereigndom of God. For Yah Chanan came to you in the way of justness, and you trusted him not: and the customs agents and the whores trust him: and you, not even when you see, finally repent to trust in him. Aramaic NC

2. (28-32) The parable of the two sons.
a. A man had two sons: This parable shows us two different kinds of sons. They were in the same house, and we could say that the father had a right to the services of both his sons. Perhaps they wished that the father would just leave them alone, but he did not. It was good and right for the father to expect that the sons would work for him.

b. Son, go work today in my vineyard: There is much to see in these simple words of the father to the son.

· The father spoke to this son individually; he did not speak to the sons together. Though the same invitation was given to both sons (he came to the second and said likewise), it was an individual call to work.
· The father appealed to him first as a son. Knowing he was the son of his father should have made him willing to do his will.
· The father asked the son to work; to participate together in the family business. Yet it was work and not play.
· The father asked the son to work today, not in some distant time.
· The father asked the son to work in “my vineyard.” It belonged to the father, so it should have mattered to the son.

c. He answered and said, “I will not,” but afterward he regretted it and went: The first son refused to work for his father. He didn’t want to bend to the father’s will. Yet later he regretted it and went. He spoke wrong, but did right.

d. He answered and said, “I go, sir,” but he did not go: The second son said the right thing and he said it with respect (sir), but he did not do what he said he would.
1). There are many people that imitate the second son.

· They admit that the Word of God is true.
· They intend to get serious about it someday.
· They talk about doing the Father’s work.
· They keep up the external appearance of religion, but their heart is not right with God.
· They think that words and promises are enough.

e. Which of the two did the will of his father? The point of this parable is clear. What matters is living for God, not saying the right words. The religious leaders were good at talking righteous talk, but their stubbornly unrepentant hearts showed that repentant sinners would enter the kingdom before them.

Matt. 21:33-46 “Hear another parable: There was a certain landowner who planted a vineyard and set a hedge around it, dug a winepress in it and built a tower. And he leased it to vinedressers and went into a far country.34 “Now when vintage-time drew near, he sent his servants to the vinedressers, that they might receive its fruit.35 “And the vinedressers took his servants, beat one, killed one, and stoned another.36 “Again he sent other servants, more than the first, and they did likewise to them.37 “Then last of all he sent his son to them, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’38 “But when the vinedressers saw the son, they said among themselves, ‘This is the heir. Come, let us kill him and seize his inheritance.’39 “So they took him and cast him out of the vineyard and killed him.40 “Therefore, when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those vinedressers?”41 They said to Him, “He will destroy those wicked men miserably, and lease his vineyard to other vinedressers who will render to him the fruits in their seasons.”42 Jesus said to them, “Have you never read in the Scriptures: ‘The stone which the builders rejected , Has become the chief cornerstone. This was the Lord’s doing, And it is marvelous in our eyes’? 43 “Therefore I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken from you and given to a nation bearing the fruits of it.44 “And whoever falls on this stone will be broken; but on whomever it falls, it will grind him to powder.”45 Now when the chief priests and Pharisees heard His parables, they perceived that He was speaking of them.46 But when they sought to lay hands on Him, they feared the multitudes, because they took Him for a prophet.

21:33-46 THE PARABLE OF THE VINEYARD Hear another parable: One man, having been lord of the house, plants a vineyard and a surrounding hedge and digs a press therein and builds a tower and leases it to laborers and he journeys: and when the time of the fruit arrives he apostolizes his servants to the laborers to apostalize of the fruit of the vineyard.

And the laborers take his servants: and having wounded and having stoned and having slaughtered. Again, he apostolizes other servants more than at first: and they work likewise to them: And finally, he apostolizes his son to them, when wording, They be shamed by my son. And when the laborers see the son, word among themselves, This is the inheritor! Come! Slaughter him and seize his inheritance! — and they eject him outside of the vineyard and slaughter him. So, when the Lord of the vineyard comes, what works he to those laborers? They word to him, In vilifying, he vilifies and destroys those men, and leases his vineyard to other laborers who give him the fruits in their time. Yah Shua words to them, Recall you not — never ever in the scriptures, The stone the builders reject, it becomes the head of the corner: this be from Yah Vah having been a marvel in our eyes? Because of this I word to you, The sovereigndom of God is taken from you and given to a peoples working the fruit. And whoever falls upon this stone crushes: and upon all whom it falls, pulverize. And when the Rabbi Priests and Pherisas hear his parables, they know he is wording concerning them: and they seek to take him, but they are frightened of the congregation because they hold him as a prophet. Aramaic NC

3. (33-41) The parable of the wicked servants.
a. There was a certain landowner who planted a vineyard and set a hedge around it: Jesus told of a landowner who prepared his vineyard carefully and hired men to manage it (the vinedressers). The men who were supposed to manage his vineyard mistreated and killed the messengers sent by the landowner. Finally he sent his son, and they killed him also – foolishly believing they would take control of the vineyard. Yet the response of the landowner was not to yield to the vinedressers but to judge and destroy them.

1). The Old Testament often used the picture of a vineyard to speak of Israel (Deuteronomy 32:32, Psalm 80:8, Jeremiah 2:21, and especially Isaiah 5:1-7).

b. They will respect my son. This is the heir. Come, let us kill him and seize his inheritance: Jesus portrayed the madness of the chief priests and elders who plotted to kill the Father’s Son sent to the rebellious leaders of Israel.
1). The husbandmen treat the messengers in the most barbarous and truculent manner: beating, killing, stoning to death; highly improbable in the natural sphere, but another instance in which parables have to violate the natural probability in order to describe truly men’s conduct in the spiritual sphere.

c. He will destroy those wicked men miserably: The message of this parable is clear enough. With this answer, the chief priests and elders understood what the wicked servants deserved. Truly, those who rebel against their master this way deserve judgment/justice.
1). They knew the owner of the vineyard had the right to expect the fruits in their seasons. In the same way, God looked for fruit from Israel’s leadership, but found little (as shown in the fig tree incident).

d. And lease his vineyard to other vinedressers who will render to him the fruits in their seasons: The leaders of Israel were so corrupt that God was transferring leadership to others – specifically, to the apostles and then to the Jewish/Gentile church they would lead.

4. (42-46) Jesus warns the religious leaders of the result of their rejection.
a. Have you never read the Scriptures: This manner of speaking to the chief priests and elders of Israel must have angered them. Jesus speaks to the leading theologians of Israel and asks them if they have ever read their Scriptures.

b. The stone which the builders rejected has become the chief cornerstone: Jesus quoted this from Psalm 118 to remind them that their rejection of Him said more about their guilt and coming judgment than it said about Jesus Himself. Though they reject Him, He is still the chief cornerstone, fulfilling the great Messianic Psalm 118.
1). Clearly, Jesus claimed to be the rejected stone of Psalm 118:22-24 that God appointed to become the chief cornerstone. He is also the stone of Isaiah 8:13-15 that people stumble over, the foundation stone and precious cornerstone of Isaiah 28:16, and the stone of Daniel 2:34, 44-45 that destroys the world in rebellion to God.

c. The kingdom of God will be taken from you and given to a nation bearing the fruits of it: Jesus warned the religious leaders that if they continued their rejection of God and His Messiah, they could expect that God would pass the leadership of His work on earth to others.

d. Whoever falls on this stone will be broken; but on whomever it falls, it will grind him to powder: The choice before the religious leaders is the choice before every person. We can be broken in humble surrender before God or be completely broken in judgment.

e. They sought to lay hands on Him: Instead of repenting, the religious leaders responded with anger, continuing to increase the greatness of their sin of rejecting Jesus.
1). They perceived that He was speaking of them: “Who told them so, but their own guilty consciences?

5.. Would God bring such judgments/justices against His church or people today if they abuse their privileges?
a. Consider the words of Jesus – John 15:1-2,6; Rev. 2:4-5, 16; 3:1-3
b. Consider what was written to the Hebrew Christians – Heb. 10: 26-31
3. Clearly, if we do not utilize our special privileges.
a. We shall no longer be a light to the world. Rev. 2:5

Remember therefore from where you have fallen; repent and do the first works, or else I will come to you quickly and remove your lampstand from its place—unless you repent. Rev. 2:5. Remember what repent means. (change your mind back to the Mind of Christ). Operate and walk on the Spirit not in the flesh (mind, will and emotions). Gal. 5:16

A Word about Judgment:


JUDGMENT/JUSTICE—discernment or separation between good and evil. The essence of the idea of judgment/justice is that by this means God delivered—overthrowing evil.

Settle this one and for all. Believers have already been judged in the death, burial and resurrection of Jesus Christ/ Yeshua Ha’ Mashiach.
The enemy has been judged.

As Judge, God judges among people and their actions according to the standards of His law. Judgment can refer either to this process of discernment or to the punishment meted out to those who fall under His wrath and condemnation (John 5:24). Judgment is against sin not against people.

In the Bible the most important judgment/justice is the final judgment, the ultimate separation of good and evil at the end of history. The precise time of this judgment is appointed by God (Acts 17:31), but it remains unknown to man (Matt. 24:36).

From earliest times it has been recognized that God Himself is the Judge of mankind (Gen. 18:25), and that He has the power and wisdom to judge with righteousness, truth, and justice (Ps. 96:13; 98:9). The final judgment is a task given specifically to God’s Son (John 5:22; Acts 17:31) to conclude His work as mediator, deliver His people from sin, and destroy all God’s enemies. God’s people are associated with Christ in the exercise of this judgment/justice/ retribution. (1 Cor. 6:2-3; Rev. 20:4).
The final judgment/justice will be comprehensive in scope, it will include all people and nations from the beginning of the world to the end of history (Matt. 25:31-46; Rom. 14:10-12), as well as fallen angels (2 Pet. 2:4).

The death of Jesus Christ is unique among these judgments of history. The death and resurrection of Jesus are the foundations on which people are saved (Is. 53:5) through their trust in Him as Lord and Savior. They come to the realization that they were “born from above” in the beginning and acknowledge that.

God’s role as judge is reflected in the leadership functions of the church and political officials, who uphold order in society and execute judgment on evildoers (Rom. 13:1-7). The rulers of Israel bore special responsibility in this respect (Deut. 16:18-19), as do the leaders of the church today (Matt. 18:17-18). Believers also have a responsibility to judge, bring justice on matters of wrongdoing among themselves (Matt. 18:15), but this should always be done fairly and with love and compassion. Believers are never to take over the task of judgment /justice that belongs to God alone (Heb. 10:30).

God will reconcile all things and bring all back to the Garden of Eden. Jesus is held in the heavenlies until the restoration of all thiongs.
Acts 3:21 For he must remain in heaven until the time for the final restoration of all things, as God promised long ago through his holy prophets. NLT
We will continue with Chapter 22 and Les.7 next week.

The blessings of the Lord are upon you whether by blood, adoption/sonship or assignment. The blessing of the LORD makes a person rich, and he adds no sorrow with it. Prov. 10:22

David & Mary Sue

The Gospel of Matthew – Lesson 7 (Continued) 08/07/21



CHPTRS. 20-24

Matthew 21:1-27 Explanations


A. The triumphal entry.
1. (1-6) Jesus/Yeshua instructs His disciples regarding preparation for His triumphal entry into Jerusalem.
a. When they drew near Jerusalem: Jesus knew that the religious leaders were going to arrest Him and condemn Him and mock Him and scourge Him and deliver Him to the Romans for crucifixion (Matthew 20:19). Yet He had the courage to not only enter Jerusalem, but to enter in as public a way as possible. This contrasts to His previous pattern of suppressing publicity.
b. You will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her: Jesus/Yeshua would ride upon the younger of these animals, the colt. He told the disciples how they would find these animals, and instructed them to bring both animals.
1). Mark tells us that the colt had never before been ridden (Mark 11:2), so that it would be only prudent to bring its mother as well to reassure it among the noisy crowd.
c. All this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet: Here, Jesus/Yeshua deliberately worked to fulfill prophecy, especially the prophecy of Daniel’s Seventy Weeks, which many feel Jesus/Yeshua fulfilled to the exact day on His triumphal entry (Daniel 9:24-27).
d. Your King is coming to you, lowly, and sitting on a donkey: Jesus came to Jerusalem in humility, yet with appropriate dignity. Instead of coming on a horse as a conquering general, He came on a colt, as was customary for royalty. He came to Jerusalem as the Prince of Peace.
2. (7-11) Jesus/Yeshua receives and encourages adoration as the Messiah.
a. Laid their clothes on them, spread their clothes on the road; others cut down branches from the trees and spread them on the road: All this was done to honor Jesus/Yeshua as a great, triumphant person coming into Jerusalem in the season of Passover.
1) Wiseman says of the spreading out of garments for Jehu in 2 Kings 9:13: “The act of spreading out the garment was one of recognition, loyalty and promise of support.” (Wiseman)
b. Hosanna to the Son of David! This was open Messianic adoration of Jesus. They look to Jesus for salvation (Hosanna means save now! and was addressed to kings, as in 2 Samuel 14:4 and 2 Kings 6:26). They openly give Jesus/Yeshua the titles appropriate for the Messiah (Son of David. He who comes in the name of the LORD).
c. When He had come into Jerusalem, all the city was moved: Jesus/Yeshua also showed that He wasn’t afraid of chief priests and Pharisees. He knew they were plotting to kill Him, yet He came openly to the city as Messiah.
d. This is Jesus/Yeshua, the prophet from Nazareth of Galilee: This continues the earlier identification of Jesus/Yeshua with Nazareth (Matthew 2:23). It would sound strange to many – especially to the religious establishment – that a prophet would come from the obscure and unnoted city of Nazareth.

We must remember there were thousands to proclaimed Him the Savior, crying Hosanna, but only about 500 who gathered to see Him rise in the clouds after His resurrection. But only 120 met in the upper room and out of those only 3 were close confidants Peter, James, and John. And John laid his head on Jesus’/Yeshua’s chest and only John was given the revelation of Jesus Christ/ Yeshua Ha’ Masiach

B. Jesus cleanses the temple.
1. (12-13) Jesus forcibly stops the commercial desecration of the temple.
a. Drove out all those who bought and sold in the temple: This seems distinct from the cleansing of the temple courts mentioned in John 2:13-22, which happened towards the beginning of Jesus’ earthly ministry. Yet the purpose was the same; to drive out the merchants, who in cooperation with the priests cheated visitors to Jerusalem by forcing them to purchase approved sacrificial animals and currencies at high prices.
1). A pair of doves could cost as little as 4p outside the Temple and as much as 75p inside the Temple. This is almost 20 times more expensive.
2). Yet Jesus’/Yeshua’s anger was against all those who bought as well as those who sold. Sellers and buyers viewed as one company – kindred in spirit, to be cleared out wholesale.
3). One source says that there was a contemporary expectation that the Messiah would cleanse the temple, both approving it after the pagan conquerors (such as Antiochus Epiphanes and Pompey), but also from the false worship from God’s own people.

b. My house shall be called a house of prayer: The merchants operated in the outer courts of the temple, the only area where Gentiles could come and pray. Therefore, this place of prayer was made into a marketplace, and a dishonest one (a den of thieves).
1). Mark’s record contains the more complete quotation of Jesus’ reference to Isaiah 56:7: Is it not written, “My house shall be called a house of prayer for all nations?” (Mark 11:17). The point was that Isaiah prophesied, and Jesus demanded that the temple be a place for all nations to pray. The activity of all those who bought and sold in the outer courts made it impossible for any seeking Gentile to come and pray.

Rev. 18:13 states when talking about Babylon, the world system, (judgment/justice) And cinnamon, and odors, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls of men.

Symbolically/spiritually: Merchandizing the bodies and souls of men is placing much value on church organizations, church growth, buildings, membership, money to support , selling of book and tapes etc. Even much emphasis on conference fees, books, tapes could be with wrong motives the merchandizing of souls. Many leaders feel that God gave them the saints to make them successful and to pay money so they can be supported, build greater buildings, be on tv and take mission trips. There is nothing wrong with these activities taking place, but the perception and motive for such a minister is contrary to God’s purpose for giving to servant leaders for material gain. The disciples and even Paul had jobs. None of what they did was for worldly gain. Jesus/Yeshua told the disciples when sent out, 3And He said to them, “Take nothing for the journey, neither staffs nor bag nor bread nor money; and do not have two tunics apiece.4 “Whatever house you enter, stay there, and from there depart. 5 And whoever will not receive you, when you go out of that city, shake off the very dust from your feet as a testimony against them.” Luke 9:3-5 Money that was given to Jesus and His disciples was held in community and used to feed the poor.

2. (14) Jesus/Yeshua carries on God’s compassionate work in the temple courts.
1). The blind and the lame were restricted to the court of the Gentiles; they could not go closer to the temple and could not go to the altar to sacrifice. 2)After purging the court of the Gentiles of merchants and robbers, Jesus/Yeshua then ministered to the outcasts who congregated there.

c. And He healed them: After driving out the moneychangers and the merchants from the temple courts, Jesus didn’t establish The Society for the Cleansing of the Temple. He got back to doing the business of the Messiah, a significant part of which was showing the power of God in the context of compassion and mercy.

Matt. 21:17-27 Then He left them and went out of the city to Bethany, and He lodged there.18 Now in the morning, as He returned to the city, He was hungry.19 And seeing a fig tree by the road, He came to it and found nothing on it but leaves, and said to it, “Let no fruit grow on you ever again.” Immediately the fig tree withered away.20 And when the disciples saw it, they marveled, saying, “How did the fig tree wither away so soon?”21 So Jesus answered and said to them, “Assuredly, I say to you, if you have faith and do not doubt, you will not only do what was done to the fig tree, but also if you say to this mountain, ‘Be removed and be cast into the sea,’ it will be done.22 “And whatever things you ask in prayer, believing, you will receive.”23 Now when He came into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people confronted Him as He was teaching, and said, “By what authority are You doing these things? And who gave You this authority?”24 But Jesus answered and said to them, “I also will ask you one thing, which if you tell Me, I likewise will tell you by what authority I do these things:25 “The baptism of John—where was it from? From heaven or from men?” And they reasoned among themselves, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ He will say to us, ‘Why then did you not believe him?’26 “But if we say, ‘From men,’ we fear the multitude, for all count John as a prophet.”27 So they answered Jesus and said, “We do not know.” And He said to them, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things.
21:17-27 And he leaves them and goes from outside the city to Beth Anya — and remains there. YAH SHUA CURSES THE FIG TREE
And at dawn, when he returns to the city, he famishes: and he sees one fig tree in the way and comes to it, and finds naught within whatever except if leaves only: and he words to it, No fruit becomes within you again eternally. — and straightway the fig tree withers. And the disciples see and amaze, and are wording, How straightway the fig tree withers! Yah Shua answers, wording to them, Amen! I word to you, If you are trusting within, and not doubting, you not only work this to the fig tree, but even though you word to this mountain, Take and fall into the sea!— so be it. And all that you ask in prayer, trusting, you take.
RABBI PRIESTS AND ELDERS OF THE PEOPLE QUESTION THE AUTHORITY OF YAH SHUA And when Yah Shua comes to the priestal precinct there approach him Rabbi Priests and the elders of the people when doctrinating, and they word to him, By whose sultanship work you these? and, Who gives you this sultanship? And Yah Shua answers, wording to them, I also ask you, I — one word, if you word to me, I also word, I — to you in what sultanship I work these. The baptizing of Yah Chanan, from whence has it been? — Of the heavens? Or of humanity? And they reason with their souls, wording, If we word, Of the heavens, he words concerning us, Why trust you him not? — and if we word, Of humanity: we frighten of the congregation for all hold Yah Chanan as being a prophet. — and they answer Yah Shua, wording to him, We know not. Yah Shua words to them, Not even I — I word not to you in what sultanship I do these. Aramaic NC
A.The Lesson of the Fig Tree

1. (18-19) Jesus /Yeshua rebukes a fig tree.
1). He was perfectly human and therefore physically hungry, for hunger is a sign of health.

a. Let no fruit grow on you ever again: In a dramatic way, Jesus/Yeshua performed one of His few destructive miracles. His curse made the fig tree to wither away.
1). It is worth noting that the two destructive miracles of Jesus/Yeshua. This and the events that ended in the destruction of the herd of pigs, Matthew 8:30-32) were not directed towards people.

b. Found nothing on it but leaves: This explains why Jesus/Yeshua did this destructive miracle. Essentially, the tree was a picture of false advertising, having leaves, but no figs. This should not be the case with these particular fig trees, which customarily did not bear leaves apart from figs.
1).The first Adam came to the fig tree for leaves, but the Second Adam looks for figs.
20. In this acted-out-parable, Jesus warned of coming judgment/justice upon an unfruitful Israel. It showed God’s disapproval of people who are all leaves and no fruit. The story is clear and simple, and its point obvious, that what counts is not promise but performance.

2. (20-22) How did Jesus/Yeshua do this?

a. How did the fig tree wither away so soon? Jesus explained that this miracle was really the result of a prayer made in faith ( by the faith of God). Mark 11:22-25 He then encouraged His marveling disciples to also have this kind of faith (the faith of God, faith without doubt), trusting that God would hear them also.

b. And whatever things you ask in prayer, believing, you will receive: This promise of God’s answer to the prayer of faith was made to disciples, not to the multitude. This is a promise to those who are following Jesus/Yeshua.
1). We can only believe for a thing when we are in such union with God that his thought and purpose can freely flow into us, suggesting what we should pray for, and leading us to that point in which there is a perfect sympathy and understanding between us and the divine mind. Faith is always the product of such a frame as this.
2). We know that we already have the God kind of faith in our spirit man. Gal. 2:20 But it must be activated in our soul without doubt.

B. Jesus/Yeshua answers the Jewish leaders.
1. (23-27) Jesus/Yeshua is questioned by the religious leaders as He comes back into the temple.
a. The chief priests and the elders of the people confronted Him as He was teaching: In His previous visit on the day before, Jesus/Yeshua drove out the moneychangers and merchants from the temple courts. Now He returned there to teach, unafraid of the religious leaders.

b. By what authority are You doing these things? The religious leaders raised the question of Jesus’ authority, and He answered by raising the question of their competence to judge such an issue. Their ability to judge John the Baptist and his ministry was a measure of their ability to judge Jesus/Yeshua as well (The baptism of John: where was it from?).
1). His question is far more profound. If the religious authorities rightly answer it, they will already have the correct answer to their own question.”

c. We do not know: They answered only after carefully calculating the political consequences of either answer. They didn’t seem interested in answering the question honestly, only cleverly. This showed they were more interested in the opinions of the multitude rather than the will of God, so Jesus/Yeshua didn’t answer their question to Him.
1). They could not say, of men, for they were cowards. They would not say, of heaven, for they were hypocrites.
2). Jesus/Yeshua kindly and compassionately met the needs of the hurting multitude, as demonstrated in Matthew 21:14. But Jesus/Yeshua didn’t show much patience with those who arrogantly questioned Him and hoped to trap Him in His own words. Jesus/Yeshua never fell into their trap.

We will continue with explanations Matt. 21 next week.

We will continue with Les.7 next week.

The blessings of the Lord are upon you whether by blood, adoption/sonship or assignment. The blessing of the LORD makes a person rich, and he adds no sorrow with it. Prov. 10:22

David & Mary Sue

The Gospel of Matthew – Lesson 7



CHPTRS. 20-24


Matthew 20:1-34
Matt. 20: 1-16 “For the kingdom of heaven is like a landowner who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for his vineyard.2 “Now when he had agreed with the laborers for a denarius a day, he sent them into his vineyard.3 “And he went out about the third hour and saw others standing idle in the marketplace,4 “and said to them, ‘You also go into the vineyard, and whatever is right I will give you.’ So they went.5 “Again he went out about the sixth and the ninth hour, and did likewise.6 “And about the eleventh hour he went out and found others standing idle, and said to them, ‘Why have you been standing here idle all day?’7 “They said to him, ‘Because no one hired us.’ He said to them, ‘You also go into the vineyard, and whatever is right you will receive.’8 “So when evening had come, the owner of the vineyard said to his steward, ‘Call the laborers and give them their wages, beginning with the last to the first.’9 “And when those came who were hired about the eleventh hour, they each received a denarius.10 “But when the first came, they supposed that they would receive more; and they likewise received each a denarius.11 “And when they had received it, they complained against the landowner,12 “saying, ‘These last men have worked only one hour, and you made them equal to us who have borne the burden and the heat of the day.’13 “But he answered one of them and said, ‘Friend, I am doing you no wrong. Did you not agree with me for a denarius?14 ‘Take what is yours and go your way. I wish to give to this last man the same as to you.15 ‘Is it not lawful for me to do what I wish with my own things? Or is your eye evil because I am good?’16 “So the last will be first, and the first last. For many are called, but few chosen.”
20:1-16 THE PARABLE OF THE VINEYARD WORKERS For the sovereigndom of the heavens is likened to a man — a lord of the house who goes at dawn to hire workers for his vineyard: and he bargains with the workers for a dinara a day: and apostolizes them to his vineyard: and about the hour three he goes and sees others standing idle in the market and words to them, You also go to the vineyard, and I give you what you need.— and they go. He goes again about hour six and nine and works likewise: and about the hour eleven he goes and finds others standing idle and words to them, Why stand you here idle all day? They word to him, Humanity hires us not. He words to them: You also go to the vineyard: and whatever you need, you take. And when, being evening, the lord of the vineyard words to his Rabbi of the House, Call the workers, and give them their reward, beginning from the final until the first. And those of hour eleven come: and they each take denara, denara.( denarious plural of denara) And when the first come and they presume to take much more: and they also take denara, denara .(denarious) And when they take, they murmur against the lord of the house, wording, These final worked one hour and you equalize them with us who bore the load and scorch of the day. And he answers, wording to one of them, Comrade, I injure you not. Has it not been for a denara denara you bargained with me? Take your own and go: and I will to give this final, as to you. Or am I not allowed to work whatever I will with my own? Or is your eye evil because I am graced? Thus, the final become first, and the first final: for many are called but few selected. Aramaic NC

1. Early in the morning a landowner hires laborers to work for an agreed upon wage – Matt. 20:1-2.
2. Later, at different hours of the day, he finds more and hires them also, for a fair but unspecified wage – Matt. 20:3-7.
3. At the end of the day, they are all paid equally, which irritates those who had worked all day – Matt. 20:8-12 4. The landowner responds to the complainers.

a. I treated you fairly, for you received according to our agreement – Matt. 20:13-14a.
b. I wish to pay the others the same – Matt. 20:14b.
1) Do I have not the right? – Matt. 20:15a.
2) Are you envious, because I am gracious? – Matt. 20:15b.

4. Jesus concludes by repeating the warning – Matt. 20:16 (some manuscripts add another warning: For many are called, but few chosen), meaning many are called but few make the choice to answer the call.

1. Many and varied have been the interpretations; for example:
a. The various bands of workers are the O.T. saints; those called at the eleventh hour are the apostles.
b. The workers first called are the Jews, those called last are the Gentiles.
c. The parable represents the whole gospel age up to Christ’s return, and the workers are groups saved at various periods.
d. It refers to different periods of a person’s life in which he may respond to the Lord: some responding early, others late in life.

2. Since this parable is in response to Peter’s question, I suggest:
a. That the first workers represent the apostles and others like them.
1) Who are called by Christ through the gospel early in life
2) And who therefore may labor long and hard in the vineyard (i.e., the kingdom of God).

b. The other workers represent those who are called by Christ via the gospel at various times.
1) Some of whom are called late in life.
2) Who do not have opportunity to do as much for the Lord.

3. In light of this interpretation, the main point of the parable is:
a. What everyone receives will be more than fair.
b. No one has the right to question the generosity of the Lord (Is it not lawful for me to do what I wish with my own things?)
c. Those who may serve long and hard should not be envious if others receive the same reward.

d. Therefore no one should serve the Lord with a commercial or mercenary spirit!
1) The very danger Peter was close to falling into by the question he raised!
2) A danger to which we are all susceptible!

4. Perhaps I should stress that this parable is NOT saying that those who purposely put off obeying Christ until the last moment can be saved!
a. If that were the point, the parable would have been worded differently.
1) Notice that those who responded at the late hour of the day had not been working, because no one hired us. – Matt. 20:7 2 They accepted the offer as soon as they heard it, though late in the day — They were not people who turned down many opportunities to accept the offer to labor in the vineyard, only to accept at the last hour!
b. Many question whether one can be saved at the last moment after lifelong rejection of the gospel. I say, Yes. “Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.” Rom. 10:13

The point is, did you fulfill your calling and the Book that was written for you all the days of your life?

Psalm 139:16 Your eyes saw my substance, being yet unformed. And in Your book they all were written, The days fashioned for me, When as yet there were none of them.

Verse 16-So the last will be first, and the first last. For many are called, but few chosen.

Many are called, but few make the choice.

Matt. 20:17-34 Now Jesus, going up to Jerusalem, took the twelve disciples aside on the road and said to them,18 “Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be betrayed to the chief priests and to the scribes; and they will condemn Him to death,19 “and deliver Him to the Gentiles to mock and to scourge and to crucify. And the third day He will rise again.”20 Then the mother of Zebedee’s sons came to Him with her sons, kneeling down and asking something from Him.21 And He said to her, “What do you wish?” She said to Him, “Grant that these two sons of mine may sit, one on Your right hand and the other on the left, in Your kingdom.”22 But Jesus answered and said, “You do not know what you ask. Are you able to drink the cup that I am about to drink, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?” They said to Him, “We are able.”23 So He said to them, “You will indeed drink My cup, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with; but to sit on My right hand and on My left is not Mine to give, but it is for those for whom it is prepared by My Father.”24 And when the ten heard it, they were greatly displeased with the two brothers.25 But Jesus called them to Himself and said, “You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and those who are great exercise authority over them.26 “Yet it shall not be so among you; but whoever desires to become great among you, let him be your servant.27 “And whoever desires to be first among you, let him be your slave—28 “just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.”29 Now as they went out of Jericho, a great multitude followed Him.30 And behold, two blind men sitting by the road, when they heard that Jesus was passing by, cried out, saying, “Have mercy on us, O Lord, Son of David!”31 Then the multitude warned them that they should be quiet; but they cried out all the more, saying, “Have mercy on us, O Lord, Son of David!”32 So Jesus stood still and called them, and said, “What do you want Me to do for you?”33 They said to Him, “Lord, that our eyes may be opened.”34 So Jesus had compassion and touched their eyes. And immediately their eyes received sight, and they followed Him.

20:17-34 YAH SHUA PROPHESIES HIS DEATH AND RESURRECTION And Yah Shua prepares to ascend to Uri Shelem and leads the twelve disciples among him in the way and words to them ,Behold, we ascend to Uri Shelem to shelem of the Son of humanity to the Rabbi Priests and to the scribes — to condemn him to death— to shelem him to the peoples— to mock and to torture and to stake and the third day he rises.

PRIORITY POSITIONS Then the mother of the sons of Zabedai approaches — she and her sons, worshipping him and asking somewhat of him. And he words to her, What will you? She words to him, Word that these my two sons sit, the one by your right and the one by your left in your sovereigndom. Yah Shua answers and words, You know not what you ask: Are you able to drink of the cup I am prepared to drink? — or baptized with the baptizing I am baptized? They word to him: We are able. And he words to them, My cup, you drink and baptized with baptizing I am baptized — and to sit by my right and by my left be not my own to give — except for whom it is prepared by my Father.
THE TEN INDIGNANT DISCIPLES And when the ten hear, they anger over the two brothers. And Yah Shua calls them, and words to them, You know that the hierarchs of the peoples Lord over them: and the great are magistrates over them: but thus be it not among you: but he who wills being great within you, becomes your minister: and he who wills being first within you, becomes your servant: as the Son of humanity comes not to be ministered unto, but to minister and to give his soul a redemption for many. YAH SHUA HEALS TWO BLIND
And as Yah Shua proceeds from Irihu a vast congregation is following him: and behold, two blind sitting upon the way when they hear that Yah Shua passes over, and they give voice, and are wording, Befriend us, my Lord, son of David.
— and the congregation is reproving them to hush within. And they lift their voices excessively, wording, Befriend us, our Lord, son of David. And Yah Shua stands and calls to them, and words: What will you that I work to you? They word to him, Lord, that our eyes open. So, Yah Shua befriends over them and approaches their eyes: and straightway their eyes open and they go after him. Aramaic NC

We will continue with Les.7 next week.

The blessings of the Lord are upon you whether by blood, adoption/sonship or assignment. The blessing of the LORD makes a person rich, and he adds no sorrow with it. Prov. 10:22

David & Mary Sue

Gospel of Matthew (Lesson 6 Continued) 07/17/21



CHPTRS. 16-19

Chapter 19

Matthew 19:1-30
Matt. 19:1-24 Now it came to pass, when Jesus had finished these sayings, that He departed from Galilee and came to the region of Judea beyond the Jordan.2 And great multitudes followed Him, and He healed them there.3 The Pharisees also came to Him, testing Him, and saying to Him, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for just any reason?”4 And He answered and said to them, “Have you not read that He who made them at the beginning ‘made them male and female,’5 “and said, ‘For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh’?6 “So then, they are no longer two but one flesh. Therefore what God has joined together, let not man separate.”7 They said to Him, “Why then did Moses command to give a certificate of divorce, and to put her away?”8 He said to them, “Moses, because of the hardness of your hearts, permitted you to divorce your wives, but from the beginning it was not so.9 “And I say to you, whoever divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, and marries another, commits adultery; and whoever marries her who is divorced commits adultery.”10 His disciples said to Him, “If such is the case of the man with his wife, it is better not to marry.”11 But He said to them, “All cannot accept this saying, but only those to whom it has been given:12 “For there are eunuchs who were born thus from their mother’s womb, and there are eunuchs who were made eunuchs by men, and there are eunuchs who have made themselves eunuchs for the kingdom of heaven’s sake. He who is able to accept it, let him accept it.”13 Then little children were brought to Him that He might put His hands on them and pray, but the disciples rebuked them.14 But Jesus said, “Let the little children come to Me, and do not forbid them; for of such is the kingdom of heaven.”15 And He laid His hands on them and departed from there.16 Now behold, one came and said to Him, “Good Teacher, what good thing shall I do that I may have eternal life?”17 So He said to him, “Why do you call Me good? No one is good but One, that is, God. But if you want to enter into life, keep the commandments.”18 He said to Him, “Which ones?” Jesus said, “ ‘You shall not murder,’ ‘You shall not commit adultery,’ ‘You shall not steal,’ ‘You shall not bear false witness,’19 ‘Honor your father and your mother,’ and, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ ”20 The young man said to Him, “All these things I have kept from my youth. What do I still lack?”21 Jesus said to him, “If you want to be perfect, go, sell what you have and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me.”22 But when the young man heard that saying, he went away sorrowful, for he had great possessions.23 Then Jesus said to His disciples, “Assuredly, I say to you that it is hard for a rich man to enter the kingdom of heaven.24 “And again I say to you, it is easier for a camel rope in the original) to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God.”
19:1-24 And so be it, when Yah Shua shelems these words, and bears from Gelila and goes to the boundaries of Yah Hud crossing Yurdenan: and vast congregations come after him: and he heals them there.
RELEASING A WOMAN The Pherisas also approach him testing him and wording, If a human is allowed to release his woman for every pretext? And he answers, wording to them, Recall you not, that he who worked from the beginning, worked them male and female, and worded, Because of this a man leaves his father and his mother and cleaves to his woman: and they two be one flesh? And then, not being two — but one body. So whatever God yokes, the sons of humanity separate not. They word to him, So why misvahed Mosheh to give a scripture of release to release her? He words to them, Mosheh, Because of your contrary hardness of your heart, allowed you to release your women: and from the beginning, it had not been thus. And I word to you, He who releases his woman — lest it be adultery, and takes another, adulterizes: and he who takes her who is released, adulterizes. His disciples word to him, If having blame between man and woman be thus, it is not beneficial to take a woman. And he words to them, Not every human is able to accept this word — except to whom it is given. For there have been eunuchs thus birthed from the womb of their mother: and there have been eunuchs becoming eunuchs by humanity: and there have been eunuchs who worked their souls to be eunuchs because of the sovereigndom of the heavens. Who is able to enable.
YAH SHUA RECEIVES LITTLE LADS Then they offer him little lads to place his hands upon and pray: and the disciples reprove them. And Yah Shua words to them; allow little lads and hinder them not to come to me: for as these has been the sovereigndom of the heavens. — and he places his hands upon them and goes from there. And behold, one comes, wording to him, Graced Doctor, what graced work I do to have eternal life? And he words to him, Why word you me, graced? None has been graced except if one — God: and if you will to enter life, guard the misvoth. He words to him, Which? And Yah Shua words to him, Slaughter not and adulterize not and thieve not and pseudo witness not and Honor your father and your mother and love your neighbor as your soul. The lad words to him, I guarded all these from my youth: What lack I?
EUNUCHS ETERNAL LIFE Yah Shua words to him, If you will to be perfect go and merchandise your acquisitions and give to the poor: and treasures be yours in the heavens and come after me. And the lad hears that word, and when he goes he sorrows for he has been having vast acquisitions. THE RICH AND THE SOVEREIGNDOM And Yah Shua words to his disciples, Amen! I word to you, that a rich man difficultly enters the sovereigndom of the heavens. And again I word to you, it is easier for a rope (some manuscripts read camel) to pass through the opening of a needle than a rich man to enter the sovereigndom of God. Aramaic NC

Good teacher. Why do you call me good? What must I do to inherit eternal life? Obey
the commandments. Which ones? Commandments 5-10. What do I still lack? Go, sell, give, come, follow.
I. Seeker and His Search.
A. Good Teacher.
1 This was only a teacher’s way of leading on a pupil.
2. Good meaning: originally, essentially, independently, infinitely, and immutably good, and the author and source of all goodness; which cannot be said of any mere creature only God. The German word for God is Gott, Good.
B. What Good Thing Must I Do? Matthew 24:11; 6:23; Titus 3:5; Galatians 3:24,35
C. Which Ones? Romans 3:20
1. The law has failed to accomplish one of its chief purposes in the young man, in that it has not taught him his lack.
2.He had never gone below the surface of the commandments, nor below the surface of his act, or he would not have answered so jauntily. 1Timothy 4:2
3. Also, there is no way he could have kept all the commandments.

Scripture says: Galatians 3:24 Therefore the law was our [a]tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith.Other translations say: master, schoolmaster, trainer, guardian, teacher, pedagogue, chaperon, governor, governess

I love the Phillips translation.

Gal. 3:24 Before the coming of faith we were all imprisoned under the power of the Law, with our only hope of deliverance the faith that was to be shown to us. Or, to change the metaphor, the Law was like a strict governess in charge of us until we went to the school of Christ and learned to be justified by faith in him. Once we had that faith, we were completely free from the governess’s authority. Phillips

The law killed: Galatians 2:19 NET For through the law I died to the law so that I may live to God. Romans 7:9-10 NET And I was once alive apart from the law, but with the coming of the commandment sin became alive and I died. So I found that the very commandment that was intended to bring life brought death!

Now that we have responded to the law’s tutoring work, we are no longer under the tutor. Now that we have placed our faith in Jesus Christ, we are no longer under the law. But after faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor.

D. (Rich Young Ruler asked) What Do I Still Lack?
teleios {tel’-i-os} meaning (mature, blameless, perfect) (“to be complete and wanting nothing.”)This is the same word for the mature in Christ.

Eph. 4: 13until we all attain to the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to a mature man, to the measure of the stature which belongs to the fullness of Christ.

1. For the rich young ruler it meant a complete revolution in his life; it meant giving up old positions of leadership and following despised Jesus of Nazareth; it meant casting in his lot with those twelve disciples, most of them of humble origin, and going from place to place as a recognized follower of One out of favor in high places. It meant the entire surrender of his life to Jesus Christ, and that he was not prepared to make his possession of riches was only an occasion by which the unwillingness to surrender expressed itself. Hebrews 4:12

2.Then the Master sent light right through the darkened cells of his inner life and revealed the fact that he was a self-centered man. He found that the power of the things that ministered to selfish desire was greater than the call from within him after goodness. It is obvious that he told an untruth and did not keep the commandments from birth.
E. The End of the Story?
1. If he goes back to the world, he goes back feeling more acutely than ever that it cannot satisfy him. He loves it too well to give it up, but not enough to feel that it is enough. Surely, in coming days, that godly sorrow would work a change of the foolish choice, and we may hope that he found no rest until he cast away all else to make Christ his own. A soul, which has traveled as far on the road to life eternal as this man had done, can scarcely from now on walk the broad road of selfishness and death with entire satisfaction. Mark 14:51; Matthew 21:29-32
II. The Perils of Trust in Riches
A. The Problems Wealth/Trust in Riches Creates:
1.duskolos {doos-kol’-oce}= with great difficulty
2.If once a man has possessed comfort and luxury, trusting in the world system, he always tends to fear the day when he may lose them. Life becomes a strenuous and worried struggle to retain the things he has. The result is that when a man becomes wealthy, instead of having the impulse to give things away, he very often has the impulse to cling on to them. 1Timothy 6:10; Revelation 3:17,18; Matthew 6:21

I believe in prosperity but prosperity in spirit, soul and body, not just money.

Matt.19:25-30 When His disciples heard it, they were greatly astonished, saying, “Who then can be saved?”26 But Jesus looked at them and said to them, “With men this is impossible, but with God all things are possible.”27 Then Peter answered and said to Him, “See, we have left all and followed You. Therefore what shall we have?”28 So Jesus said to them, “Assuredly I say to you, that in the regeneration, when the Son of Man sits on the throne of His glory, you who have followed Me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.29 “And everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or wife or children or lands, for My name’s sake, shall receive a hundredfold, and inherit eternal life.30 “But many who are first will be last, and the last first.
19:25-30 And when his disciples hear, being greatly astonished, they are wording, Who then is able to live? Yah Shua looks at them, and words to them, To humanity this is not possible and with God all is possible.
THE COST OF DISCIPLESHIP Then Kepha answers, wording to him, Behold, we forsake all, and come after you: — now what be ours? And Yah Shua words to them, Amen! I word to you— to you who come after me ,In the new world when the Son of humanity sits upon the throne of his glory, you also sit upon twelve thrones judging the twelve tribes of Yisra El: and every human who forsakes houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or woman or children or fields because of my name takes one hundred and inherits eternal life: and many first become final and the final first. Aramaic NC

A. With God all things are possible: It is possible for the rich man to be saved. God’s grace is enough to save the rich man; we have the examples of people like Zaccheus, Joseph of Arimathea, and Barnabas. These all were rich men still able to put God first, not their riches.
1. Jesus is not saying that all poor people and none of the wealthy enter the kingdom of heaven. That would exclude Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to say nothing of David, Solomon, and Joseph of Arimathea.

B. (27-30) Peter’s blunt question: What do we get for following You?
1. Therefore what shall we have? In contrast to the rich young ruler, the disciples did leave all to follow Jesus – so what would be their reward? Jesus tells of special honor for the disciples: you who have followed Me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. The disciples will have a special role in the future judgment/justice, probably in the sense of administration in the millennial Kingdom.
a. As well, the apostles had the honor of helping to provide a singular foundation for the church (Ephesians 2:20), and have a special tribute in the New Jerusalem (Revelation 21:14).

b. Everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters: But there will be universal honor for all who sacrifice for Jesus’ sake; whatever has been given up for Him will be returned to us a hundred times over – in addition to everlasting life.
1). Hundredfold is obviously not literal in a material sense; otherwise, Jesus promises a hundred mothers and a hundred wives. Jesus will do more than make up what we have given up for His sake, but the return may be spiritual instead of material. Hundredfold certainly is literally true in the spiritual sense. 100 fold is infinity, more than you can ask, think or imagine.
2). Some of the ways we get our hundredfold:

· Joy in the Holy Ghost, peace of conscience and God’s love abundantly.
· Contentment. They shall have a contented frame of mind.
· God will stir up the hearts of others to supply their wants, and that supply shall be sweeter to them than their abundance was.
· God repays in this life, as He restored Job after his trial to greater riches.

c. But many who are first will be last, and the last first: In the previous words, Jesus promised that those who sacrificed for His sake and the sake of His kingdom would be rewarded. Then He said that though they would be rewarded, it would be different than man usually expects; because we usually believe that the first will be first and the last will be last. The parable in the following chapter will illustrate this principle.
1). Jesus lays it down that there will be surprises in the final assessment. It may be that those who were humble on earth will be great in heaven, and that those who were great in this world will be humbled in the world to come.

We will continue with Les.7 next week.

The blessings of the Lord are upon you whether by blood, adoption/sonship or assignment. The blessing of the LORD makes a person rich, and he adds no sorrow with it. Prov. 10:22

David & Mary Sue

The Gospel of Matthew (Continued) 07/10/21



CHPTRS. 16-19

Chapter 18

Matthew 18:1-35 At that time the disciples came to Jesus, saying, “Who then is greatest in the kingdom of heaven?”2 Then Jesus called a little child to Him, set him in the midst of them,3 and said, “Assuredly, I say to you, unless you are converted and become as little children, you will by no means enter the kingdom of heaven.4 “Therefore whoever humbles himself as this little child is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven.5 “Whoever receives one little child like this in My name receives Me.6 “But whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in Me to sin, it would be better for him if a millstone were hung around his neck, and he were drowned in the depth of the sea.7 “Woe to the world because of offenses! For offenses must come, but woe to that man by whom the offense comes!8 “If your hand or foot causes you to sin, cut it off and cast it from you. It is better for you to enter into life lame or maimed, rather than having two hands or two feet, to be cast into the everlasting fire.9 “And if your eye causes you to sin, pluck it out and cast it from you. It is better for you to enter into life with one eye, rather than having two eyes, to be cast into hell fire.10 “Take heed that you do not despise one of these little ones, for I say to you that in heaven their angels always see the face of My Father who is in heaven.11 “For the Son of Man has come to save that which was lost.12 “What do you think? If a man has a hundred sheep, and one of them goes astray, does he not leave the ninety-nine and go to the mountains to seek the one that is straying?13 “And if he should find it, assuredly, I say to you, he rejoices more over that sheep than over the ninety-nine that did not go astray.14 “Even so it is not the will of your Father who is in heaven that one of these little ones should perish.15 “Moreover if your brother sins against you, go and tell him his fault between you and him alone. If he hears you, you have gained your brother.16 “But if he will not hear, take with you one or two more, that ‘by the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established.’17 “And if he refuses to hear them, tell it to the church. But if he refuses even to hear the church, let him be to you like a heathen and a tax collector.18 “Assuredly, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.19 “Again I say to you that if two of you agree on earth concerning anything that they ask, it will be done for them by My Father in heaven.20 “For where two or three are gathered together in My name, I am there in the midst of them.”21 Then Peter came to Him and said, “Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? Up to seven times?”22 Jesus said to him, “I do not say to you, up to seven times, but up to seventy times seven.23 “Therefore the kingdom of heaven is like a certain king who wanted to settle accounts with his servants.24 “And when he had begun to settle accounts, one was brought to him who owed him ten thousand talents.25 “But as he was not able to pay, his master commanded that he be sold, with his wife and children and all that he had, and that payment be made.26 “The servant therefore fell down before him, saying, ‘Master, have patience with me, and I will pay you all.’27 “Then the master of that servant was moved with compassion, released him, and forgave him the debt.28 “But that servant went out and found one of his fellow servants who owed him a hundred denarii; and he laid hands on him and took him by the throat, saying, ‘Pay me what you owe!’29 “So his fellow servant fell down at his feet and begged him, saying, ‘Have patience with me, and I will pay you all.’30 “And he would not, but went and threw him into prison till he should pay the debt.31 “So when his fellow servants saw what had been done, they were very grieved, and came and told their master all that had been done.32 “Then his master, after he had called him, said to him, ‘You wicked servant! I forgave you all that debt because you begged me.33 ‘Should you not also have had compassion on your fellow servant, just as I had pity on you?’34 “And his master was angry, and delivered him to the torturers until he should pay all that was due to him.35 “So My heavenly Father also will do to you if each of you, from his heart, does not forgive his brother his trespasses.”
18:1-35 THE GREATEST IN THE SOVEREIGNDOM OF THE HEAVENS In that hour the disciples come to Yah Shua, and are wording, Who indeed is great in the sovereigndom of the heavens? And Yah Shua calls a lad and stands him among them, and words, Amen! I word to you, Unless you turn and become as lads you enter not the sovereigndom of the heavens. So he who humbles his soul as this lad, he becomes great in the sovereigndom of the heavens: and he who takes as this lad in my name, takes me: and all who offend one of these least
who trust in me, it becomes beneficial for him to be hanging a millstone of a burro around his neck, and that he submerge into the depth of the sea. Woe to the world because of offences! for of necessity, offences come: however woe to that man by whose hand the offences come!
AVOIDING OFFENCES And if your hand or your foot offends you, cut and cast them from you: it is graced for you to enter life when lame or when maimed, lest when having two hands or two feet fall into eternal fire. And if your eye offends you, pluck and cast it from you: it is graced for you to enter life with one eye lest when having two eyes fall into the Gihana of fire — the Valley of Burning ( A small valley outside Jerusalem. In the Hebrew Bible, Gehenna was initially where some of the kings of Judah sacrificed their children by fire. Thereafter, it was deemed to be cursed (Book of Jeremiah 7:31, 19:2–6). See that you not neglect one of these least: for I word to you, That their angels in the heavens see the face of my Father in the heavens. For the Son of humanity comes to enliven whatever has been destroyed.

THE PARABLE OF THE WANDERING SHEEP What see you? If a human becomes a hundred sheep and one of them wanders, forsakes he not the ninety and nine on the mountain, and goes and seeks that which wanders? And if he finds it, Amen! I word to you, he cheers more therein than of the ninety and nine who wander not. Thus it has not been the will And if your brother sins at you, go and admonish him between you and him only: if he hears you, you gain your brother: and if he hears you not guide one or two more with you: concerning that in the mouth of two or three witnesses you stand every word: and if he hears them not, word it to the congregation: and if he hears not the congregation, he becomes to you as a customs agent and as a heathen.
BINDING AND RELEASING Amen! I word to you, All you bind on earth is being bound in the heavens: and whatever you release on earth is being released in the heavens.
SYMPHONIZING TRUST Again I word to you, That if two of you equalize on earth concerning all they will to ask, so be it to them
from toward my Father in the heavens: for where two or three congregate in my name, there I am among them.

THE PARABLE ON FORGIVENESS Then Kepha approaches him, wording, My Lord, how many times, if my brother offends in me, forgive I him? Until seven times? Yah Shua words to him, I word not to you, Until seven times, but, Until seven times seventy. Because of this the sovereigndom of the heavens is likened to a man — a sovereign, who wills to take reckoning from his servants: and when he begins to take: in front of your Father in the heavens, that one of these little ones destruct.

A SINNING BROTHER they approach him with one debtor of a myriad talent weights. and when having naught to reward, his Lord misvahs to merchandise him and his woman and his sons and all — whatever he has, and to reward. And the servant falls and worships him, wording, My Lord, be patient of spirit concerning me and I reward you all. And he befriends him — the Lord of that servant, and releases him and forgives his debt. And that servant goes and finds one of his comrads being indebted one hundred dinari: and he is taking him and strangling him, wording to him, Give me whatever you are indebted to me. And his comrade falls upon his feet,and seeks of him, wording to him, Be patient of spirit with me and I reward all to you. And he wills not: but goes and casts him into the guardhouse until he gives whatever he is indebted. And when his comrades see what became, they sorrow greatly, and come and tell their Lord all that became. Then his Lord calls him, and words to him, — to that evil servant, I forgave you all that debt you sought of me: Needed you not also to be mercying your comrade as I mercied you? — and his Lord angers and shelems him to the torturers until he rewards all he is indebted to him. Thus my Father in the heavenlies work to you, unless you humans forgive your brother his offences from your hearts. Aramaic NC


1. Peter’s question about forgiving a brother – Matt. 18:21.
a. He probably thought he was being very gracious.
b. For many Jewish rabbis taught that three (3) times was sufficient.

2. Jesus’ initial response – Matt. 18:22
a. His answer is not to be taken literally, but is an infinite number.
b. Rather, Jesus confronts Peter with the truth that the spirit of forgiveness really knows no boundaries. (Believers’ Study Bible)

3. To reinforce His point, Jesus proceeds to tell the parable.

1. A king shows mercy to his servant by canceling his huge debt – Matt. 18:23-27.
a. How large amount was 10,000 talents?
1) If the talent is intended, about 6,000 denarii were involved in just one talent.
2) Remembering that 70 denarius was a day’s normal wage, the poor fellow owed something like 60,000,000 denarii.
3) Using the rate of $50 as one day’s wage, the amount would be $3,000,000,000 (3 billion dollars!)

b. The mercy of the king goes beyond the actual request.
1) The request was for patience to pay the debt.
2) Yet the king was willing to forgive the debt entirely!

2. That servant in turn then refuses to cancel a fellow servant’s petty debt – Matt. 18:28-30
a. How much was a hundred denarii?
1) Remember, a denarii was equivalent to a day’s wage.
2) Using the same rate above ($50/day), the amount would be $5000.
b. The unmerciful servant refuses to heed the same plea made earlier by himself.

3. The final result: Upon this cruel servant the king imposes the former sentence, even adding to it! – Matt. 18:31-34
a. Before, he, his family, and his possessions were only going to be sold.
b. But now, he is to handed over to the torturers.

1. As stated by Jesus Himself – Matt. 18:35
a. So My heavenly Father also will do to you if each of you, from his heart, does not forgive his brother his trespasses.
b. Here the Word is talking about offenses that we take on om other, a form of unforgiveness.

2. Prompted by gratitude the forgiven one must always learn to forgive whoever has trespassed or offended him.
a. Hinders your prayers or what you receive from God if you don’t. Mark 11:25 This is what is meant by this passage. Our sins have been forgiven past, present and future.

3. We can also draw several subsidiary lessons:
a. We are all God’s debtors – Matt. 18:23; cf. Rom. 3:23
b. None are able to pay what is owed – Matt. 18:25
c. But by Christ’s atoning sacrifice, the debt is paid – Matt. 18:27; cf. Matt. 20:28
d. Only those who are willing to forgive others can be assured that they are indeed forgiven – Matt. 18:35; cf. Matt. 6:14-15
e. It should be easy to forgive others, for what we owe God is infinitely more than what others owe us – Matt. 18:32,33
f. The unforgiving person is destined for that judgment to come back to them.

We take this scripture out of context when we quote “Give and it shall be given to you”; it is about judgment. However, the principle of giving and it shall be given unto you pertains to everything.

Luke 6: 37-38 Judge not, and you shall not be judged. Condemn not, and you shall not be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven. 38 Give, and it will be given to you: good measure, pressed down, shaken together, and running over will be put into your bosom. For with the same measure that you use, it will be measured back to you.”

This is called the law of return or the law of sowing and reaping or law of reciprocity.

Matt. 18:34,35; cf. Rom. 1:31 [Perhaps the most important point we learn from this parable is that the kingdom of heaven is to consist of people who are both forgiven and forgiving, who have both received mercy and are merciful. – cf. James 2:13

We will continue with Les.6 next week.

The blessings of the Lord are upon you whether by blood, adoption/sonship or assignment. The blessing of the LORD makes a person rich, and he adds no sorrow with it. Prov. 10:22

David & Mary Sue

The Gospel of Matthew – Lesson 6 (Continued) 06/19/21



CHPTRS. 16-19

Matt. 16: 1-28 Continued:



You have that authority. Prayer/Speaking/Declaring is one the ways to bind and loose. Matt. 6:10 Words bind and loose. Your words are your authority here on earth. Gen. 1:28, Prov. 18:21

Proverbs 18:21 puts it this way: The tongue has the power of life and death. The stakes are high. Your words can either speak life, or your words can speak death. Our tongues can build others up, or they can tear them down.

• What will you say—poverty or wealth?
• What will you bind—sickness or health?
• What will you loose—fear or faith?

I was taught to never bind something unless you also loose. Example: I bind sickness from this body and I loose the health of God.

Every believer is given the glorious privilege of overcoming their enemy and joining in the triumph of Jesus Christ. Unfortunately, too many never seem to learn the connection between victory and their words. With an undisciplined tongue they talk their way into defeat snared by their own words. If they only could learn, not only just the power of God’s Word, but the power of their own words. It must be revealed to us how our words affect our ability to rule in the spirit. Although the ultimate kingdom of Christ will not be established until He returns at His Second Coming, we have permission, today, to put on display the victory of the Lord Jesus Christ by the authority that we have been given by Christ Himself. It cannot and will not happen until we discipline our speech, conforming to the principles of God’s Word.

Matt. 16:20-28 Then He commanded His disciples that they should tell no one that He was Jesus the Christ.

21 From that time Jesus began to show to His disciples that He must go to Jerusalem, and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised the third day.22 Then Peter took Him aside and began to rebuke Him, saying, “Far be it from You, Lord; this shall not happen to You!”23 But He turned and said to Peter, “Get behind Me, Satan! You are an offense to Me, for you are not mindful of the things of God, but the things of men.”

24 Then Jesus said to His disciples, “If anyone desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow Me.25 “For whoever desires to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for My sake will find it.26 “For what profit is it to a man if he gains the whole world, and loses his own soul? Or what will a man give in exchange for his soul?27 “For the Son of Man will come in the glory of His Father with His angels, and then He will reward each according to his works.28 “Assuredly, I say to you, there are some standing here who shall not taste death till they see the Son of Man coming in His kingdom.”

16:20-28 Then he misvahs his disciples to not word to humanity that he is the Meshiah. YAH SHUA PROPHESIES HIS DEATH AND RESURRECTION And from then Yah Shua begins to show his disciples how he is prepared go to Uri Shelem: and suffer much from the elders and the Rabbi Priests and scribes and slaughtered on day three and rise. And Kepha guides him and begins to reprove thereby, wording, So be it not to you, Lord: that these be to you. And he turns, and words to Kepha, Go you behind me, Satan! You are an offence to me: for you think not of God but of humanity. Then Yah Shua words to his disciples, He who wills to come after me is to deny his soul and take his stake and come after me.

DESTROY THE SOUL TO FIND THE SOUL For who wills to enliven his soul, destroys it: and who destroys his soul because of me, finds it: for what profits a son of humanity if he acquires all the world and destroys his soul? Or what gives a son of humanity in exchange for his soul? For the Son of humanity prepares to come in the glory of his Father with his holy angels: then rewards human by human as to his work Amen! I word to you, that we have humans standing here who perceive not death until they see the Son of humanity coming in his sovereigndom. Aramaic NC

Verse 20
h. He commanded His disciples that they should tell no one that He was Jesus the Christ: Jesus was pleased that His disciples were coming to know who He was in truth, but He still didn’t want His identity popularly known before the proper time.
i. Before they could preach that Jesus was the Messiah, they had to learn what that meant.

Verse 21
Jesus begins to reveal the full extent of His mission.
a. He must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things…and be killed: This must have come as quite a shock to His disciples. After fully understanding that Jesus was the Messiah, the last thing they expected was the Messiah would suffer many things and be killed.

1)Yet this was the predicted work of the Messiah (Isaiah 53:3-12). He must die, and He must after His death be raised the third day.

2). The suffering and death of Jesus was a must because of two great facts: man’s sin and God’s love. While His death was the ultimate example of man’s sin against God, it was also the supreme expression of God’s love to man.

Verses 22-23 Peter’s unwitting opposition of Jesus.

a. Far be it from You, Lord; this shall not happen to You! At this moment Peter had the remarkable boldness to rebuke Jesus. Peter did it privately (took Him aside). Yet he was confident enough to tell Jesus that He was wrong to consider going to Jerusalem to be killed.
1). It’s not hard to see Peter following these steps:
· Peter confesses Jesus as the Messiah.
· Jesus compliments Peter, telling him that God revealed this to him.
· Jesus tells of His impending suffering, death, and resurrection.
· Peter feels this isn’t right, and he feels that he hears from God and therefore has some authority or right to speak.
· Peter begins to rebuke Jesus. “Began” suggests that Peter gets only so far before Jesus cuts him off.
· What Peter said didn’t line up with the Scriptures.
· What Peter said was in contradiction to the spiritual authority over him.
b. Get behind Me, satan! This was a strong rebuke from Jesus, yet entirely appropriate. Though a moment before, Peter spoke as a messenger of God, he then spoke as a messenger of satan. Jesus knew there was a satanic purpose in discouraging Him from His ministry on the cross, and Jesus would not allow that purpose to succeed. Jesus/Yeshua didn’t call Peter satan but addressed the spirit of satan which, of course, is the spirit of antichrist.

1). Peter is a perfect example of how a sincere heart coupled with man’s thinking can often lead to disaster.

Jesus’ call to disciples.
Verse 24 Jesus declares His expectation that His followers would follow Him by dying to self. (we discussed dying to self, but we will reiterate here)

Denying self means to live as an others-centered person. Jesus was the only person to do this perfectly, but we are to follow in His steps (and follow Me).
Dying to self involves reckoning, knowing, yourself dead to the old and alive to Christ.

Rom. 6:11 So you also must reckon/consider yourselves dead to sin and alive to God in Christ Jesus.

The Word says that He must increase and I must decrease. Notice He must increase first and then I WILL DECREASE as I mature in Him. The Glory of this process is why men will seek death (to self). They really must come to the understanding that they are already dead. I am crucified with Christ.

Gal. 2:20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me. KJ

There are 2 laws: The law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus. The law of sin and death.

Romans 8:1-2 There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus, who[a] do not walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit. 2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and death.


Verses 25-27 The paradox of the cross: finding life by losing it.

a. Whoever desires to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for My sake will find it: We must follow Jesus this way, because it is the only way that we will ever find life. It sounds strange to say, “You will never live until you first walk to your death with Jesus,” but that is the idea. You can’t gain resurrection life without dying first.
b. What profit is it to a man if he gains the whole world, and loses his own soul? Avoiding the walk to death with Jesus means that we may gain the whole world and end up losing everything.
c. He will reward each according to his works: This ultimate gain is given on this day. If we live life blind to this truth, we really will lose our own soul.
Verse 28 A promise to see the Son of Man coming in His kingdom.
a. Some standing here… shall not taste death till they see the Son of Man coming in His kingdom: Jesus said this at this moment to emphasize an important truth. Walking with Jesus, (in Jesus) means a life of the power and glory of the kingdom of God. Jesus promised some of His disciples would see glimpses of that power and glory.

We will continue with Les.6 next week.

The blessings of the Lord are upon you whether by blood, adoption/sonship or assignment. The blessing of the LORD makes a person rich, and he adds no sorrow with it. Prov. 10:22

David & Mary Sue

The Gospel of Matthew – Lesson 6 (Continued) 06/12/21



CHPTRS. 16-19

Chapter 16
Matthew 16:1-28
Explanation of Matt. 16:1-28 Continued:

C. Peter proclaims Jesus as Messiah.
1. (13) Jesus asks the disciples to tell Him who others say He is.
a. When Jesus came into the region of Caesarea Philippi: Jesus again withdrew from the mainly Jewish region of Galilee and came to a place more populated by Gentiles. This was likely a retreat from the pressing crowds.
1). Caesarea Philippi lies about twenty-five miles [46 kilometers] north-east of the Sea of Galilee…The population was mainly non-Jewish, and there Jesus would have peace to teach the Twelve.
b. Who do men say that I, the Son of Man, am? Jesus did not ask this question because He didn’t know who He was, or because He had an unfortunate dependence on the opinion of others. He asked this question as an introduction to a more important follow-up question.
2). Caesarea Philippi was an area associated with idols and rival deities. The area was scattered with temples of the ancient Syrian Baal worship. In Caesarea Philippi there was a great temple of white marble built to the godhead of Caesar…It is as if Jesus deliberately set himself against the background of the world’s religions in all their history and splendor, and demanded to be compared to them and to have the verdict given in his favor.

2. (14-16) A pointed question and a pointed answer.
a. Some thought Jesus was a herald of national repentance, like John the Baptist and some thought Jesus was a famous worker of miracles, like Elijah. Some thought Jesus was someone who spoke the words of God, like Jeremiah and the prophets.

b. Perhaps in seeing Jesus in these roles, people hoped for a political messiah who would overthrow the corrupt powers oppressing Israel.

c. The general tendency in all these answers was to underestimate Jesus; to give Him a measure of respect and honor, but to fall far short of honoring Him for who He really is.

d. Who do you say that I am? It was fine for the disciples to know what others thought about Jesus. But Jesus had to ask them, as individuals, what they believed about Him.
1). This is the question placed before all who hear of Jesus; and it is we, not He, who are judged by our answer. In fact, we answer this question every day by what we believe and do. If we really believe Jesus is who He says He is, it will affect the way that we live.

c. You are the Christ, the Son of the living God: Peter knew the opinion of the crowd – while it was complimentary towards Jesus – wasn’t accurate. Jesus was much more than John the Baptist or Elijah or a prophet. He was more than a national reformer, more than a miracle worker, more than a prophet. Jesus is the Christ, the Messiah.
1). We can surmise that this was an understanding that Peter and the other disciples came to over time. In the beginning, they were attracted to Jesus as a remarkable and unusual rabbi. They committed themselves to Him as His disciples or students, as was practiced in that day. Yet over time Peter – and presumably others of the disciples by this point – understood that Jesus was in fact not only the Messiah (the Christ), but also the Son of the living God.
2). Peter understood that Jesus was not only God’s Messiah, but also God Himself. The Jews properly thought that to receive the title the Son of the living God, in a unique sense, was to make a claim to deity itself.
3). The adjective living may perhaps have been included to contrast the one God with the local deities (Caesarea Philippi was a center of the worship of Pan).

D. (17-19) Jesus compliments Peter for His bold and correct declaration.
a. Flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but My Father who is in heaven: Jesus reveals to Peter that he spoke by divine inspiration, even if he didn’t even know it at the time. In this, Peter was genuinely blessed – both by the insight itself and how it came to him.
1). We too often expect God to speak in strange and unnatural ways. Here God spoke through Peter so naturally that he didn’t even realize it was the Father who is in heaven that revealed it to him.
2). This also speaks to us of our need for a supernatural revelation of Jesus. If you know no more of Jesus than flesh and blood has revealed to you, it has brought you no more blessing than the conjectures of their age brought to the Pharisees and Sadducees, who remained an adulterous and unbelieving generation

b. I also say to you that you are Peter: This was not only recognition of Peter’s more Roman name; it was also a promise of God’s work in Peter. The name Peter means Rock. Though perhaps unlikely, Peter was a rock, and would become a rock. God was and would transform his naturally extreme character into something solid and reliable.

c. On this rock I will build My church: The words this rock have been the source of much controversy. It is best to see them as referring to either Jesus Himself (perhaps Jesus gesturing to Himself as He said this), or as referring to Peter’s confession of who Jesus is.
1). Peter, by His own testimony, did not see himself as the rock on which the church was founded. He wrote that we are living stones, but Jesus is the cornerstone. We could say that Peter was the first believer; that he was the first rock among many rocks. Many translate this as, “upon this rock of revelation I will build my church.”
2). Peter said as much in 1 Peter 2:4-5: Coming to Him as to a living stone, rejected indeed by men, but chosen by God and precious, you also, as living stones, are being built up a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.

d. I will build My church: This is the first use of the word church in the New Testament, using the ancient Greek word ekklesia. Significantly, this was well before the beginnings of what we normally think of as the church on the Day of Pentecost in Acts 2.
1). This shows that Jesus was anticipating or prophesying what would come from these disciples/apostles and those who would believe in their message that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the living God.
2). The ancient Greek word ekklesia was not primarily a religious word at all; it just meant, group or called-out group. In describing the later group of His followers and disciples, Jesus deliberately chose a word without a distinctly religious meaning.

More about the Ekklesia

Each time Jesus mentioned the church He referred to a governing body, not a place of worship. He referred to a group of people who were assigned to exercise authority to solve problems both in the spiritual and in the natural world. Every king and kingdom had an Ekklesia that governed its affairs. Jesus added a spiritual dimension to His kingdom when He said, “I will build my church (Matthew 16:18), because His kingdom is a spiritual kingdom. He did not say He would build a worship center, synagogue, or even a cathedral. Jesus is the King and He has a kingdom so He needs an Ekklesia to govern the affairs of His kingdom. That is why He started the church.

The Ekklesia/Church is the governing body upon the earth.

4). Furthermore, this statement of Jesus was a clear claim of ownership (My church). The church belongs to Jesus. This was also a claim to deity: What is striking is the boldness of Jesus’ description of it as my community, rather than God’s.
5). Taken together, the promise is wonderful:
· He brings His people together in common: I will build.
· He builds on a firm foundation: On this rock I will build.
· He builds something that belongs to Him: My church.
· He builds it into a stronghold: the gates /governments of Hades shall not prevail against it.

e. And the gates/governments of Hades shall not prevail against it: Jesus also offered a promise – that the forces of death and darkness can’t prevail against or conquer the church. This is a valuable promise in dark or discouraging times for the church.
1). The Puritan commentator John Trapp explained the gates of Hades this way: All the power and policy of hell combined.
2). The gates of hell, i.e., the machinations and powers of the invisible world. In ancient times the gates of fortified cities were used to hold councils in and were usually places of great strength. Our Lord’s expression means, that neither the plots, stratagems, nor strength of satan and his angels, should ever so far prevail as to destroy the sacred truths in the above confession.

In reality the governments of Hades have no power, only assumed power. Remember, satan, a usurper, assuming powers he does not have.

f. And I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven: This idea of Peter holding the keys of the kingdom of heaven has captured the imagination (and theology) of many Christians throughout the centuries. In artistic representation, Peter is almost always shown with keys.
1). Some people think that this means that Peter has the authority to admit people to heaven, or to keep people out of heaven. This is the basis for the popular image of Peter at the Pearly Gates of Heaven, allowing people to enter or turning them away. No, Jesus/ Yeshua has the keys to hell, death and the grave.

satan was also defeated by Jesus at the cross. Jesus/Yeshua said the ruler of this world has been judged (John 16:11).

The grave had to release Jesus. As it discharged Him, He rose and made a public spectacle of it. He disarmed the powers and authorities that were agents of destruction and paraded them through the heavenly realm as a defeated, conquered, and powerless foes. He publicly shamed them, conquered and crushed them. Col. 2:15

Revelation 1:18 I am He who lives, and was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore. Amen. And I have the keys of [a]Hades and of Death.

He was delivered over to death for our sins and was raised to life for our justification” (Romans 4:25).

2). Some people think that it also means that Peter was the first Pope, and that his supposed successors have the keys that were first given to Peter. Indeed, the Papal insignia of the Roman Catholic Church is made up of two prominent keys crossed together.

3). There is no doubt that Peter had a special place among all the disciples, and that he had some special privileges:
· He is always listed first in the listings of the disciples.
· He opened doors of the kingdom to the Jews in Acts 2:38-39.
· He opened doors of the kingdom to the Gentiles in Acts 10:34-44.

v. The idea that apostolic authority comes from Jesus, who gave it to Peter, who set his hands on the heads of approved and ordained men, who in turn set their hands on the heads of approved and ordained men, and so on and so on through the generations until today is nonsense. Authority is given to all believers.

Matt. 28: 18-20 Then Jesus came to them and said, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19 Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely, I am with you always, to the very end of the age.”

g. And whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven: The power for binding and loosing is something that the Jewish rabbis of that day used. They bound or loosed an individual in the application of a particular point of the law. Jesus promises that Peter – and the other apostles – would be able to set the boundaries authoritatively for the New Covenant community. This was the authority given to the apostles and prophets to build a foundation (Ephesians 2:20). And then given to all believers.

1). We should understand this as Jesus giving both the permission and the authority to the first-generation apostles to make the rules for the early church – and indirectly, the inspired writings that would guide all generations of Christians. The authority that Peter carries is not an authority which he alone carries, as may be seen from the repetition of the latter part of the verse in Matthew 18:18 with reference to the disciple group as a whole.
2). Binding and Loosing were administrative terms in daily Jewish life; whenever a Jew came up against the Law of Moses, that Jewish person was either bound or loosed in regard to that law. To loose was to permit; to bind was to prohibit. To loose was to free from the law, to bind was to put under the law. Their regular sense, which any Jew would recognize was to allow and to forbid. To bind something was to declare it forbidden; to loose was to declare it allowed. These were the regular phrases for taking decisions in regard to the law.
3). In daily Jewish life, this could be rather complicated. Here is one example from ancient rabbinical writings:

· If your dog dies in your house, is your house clean or unclean? Unclean.
· If your dog dies outside your house, is your house clean or unclean? Clean.
· If your dog dies on the doorstep, is your house clean or unclean? Ancient rabbinical writings took the issue on and decided that if the dog died with his nose pointing into the house, the house was unclean; if the dog died with his nose pointing away from the house, the house was clean.

This shows the absurdity of some Jewish laws. By the way, there were 613 of them.

More about binding and loosing:

TRUTH ABOUT BINDING AND LOOSING (Another View by Dr. Kelly Varner)

Matt. 16:18-19, KJV And I say also: You are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever you shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever you shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.
BIND = Strong’s #1210 = DEO = a primary verb; to bind (in bind, to put under obligation, used of the law, duty; to be bound to one, a wife, a husband-this speaks of MARRIAGE and COVENANT, of that which has been BOUND together by the Lord.
LOOSE = Strong’s # primary verb 3089= luo = destroy, dissolve, break up or break down, to do away with, to deprive of authority, whether by precept or act to declare unlawful.

KEY PRINCIPLE: WHAT YOU BIND (DECLARE LEGALLY BINDING) IS WHAT YOU ARE! Either CHRIST is bound to us or ADAM is bound to us. Adam was killed at the Cross. Everything now depends on HOW we think-how we THINK determines how we ACT-do you have a RESURRECTION (victorious) mindset? Are you attacking hell or is hell attacking you?
In Matt. 16:18-the Church is AGGRESSIVE against the GATES (the access or entrance to any state) of HELL (HADES = the unseen realm). The strategies and schemes that originate in DEATH and HELL come into the earth through people who are GATES, just as the Mind of Christ that originates in the Heavens comes into the earth through people who are the WINDOWS (FLOODGATES) OF HEAVEN (Mal. 3:10)!
Matt. 6:10 Your kingdom come. Your will be done in earth, as it is in heaven.
The Church has been DIRECTIONALLY CHALLENGED! It is time for us to attack the GATES (the spirits behind certain situations and circumstances) and bring His glory into the earth. The BODY OF CHRIST must lead the way and release His Kingdom by manifesting the character of Christ. We must take the LIFE of the Most Holy Place Out into the earth. We have NO VEIL over our face-the GLORY raises UP and OUT of His nature in us!
We are BOUND to Christ and His FINISHED WORK! We must AGREE in the earth with what has ALREADY BEEN BOUND COVENANTALLY in the Heavens (Amos 3:3). We are NOT binding the enemy, but rather with our LIFE and LIP binding ourselves to His PERSON and WORK. To not AGREE with HIM is to tear us LOOSE from His loving EMBRACE!

Can two walk together, except they be agreed? (Amos 3:3).

AGREE with God about YOURSELF.
AGREE with God about YOUR FAMILY.
AGREE with God about AMERICA and the NATIONS.

4). As their rabbi, Jesus did this binding and loosing for His own disciples. Without using the same words, this is what Jesus did when He allowed them to take the grains of wheat in the field (Matthew 12:1-8).
5). Significantly, when it came time to understand the dietary laws of the Old Covenant in light of the new work of Jesus, God spoke to Peter first. He and the other apostles, guided by the Spirit of God, would bind and loose regarding such parts of the Old Covenant.
6). Paul was an example of this in writing to the church of Galatia. Legalism vs Grace.

7). This power is with the Church today.

We will continue with Les.6 next week.

The blessings of the Lord are upon you whether by blood, adoption/sonship or assignment. The blessing of the LORD makes a person rich, and he adds no sorrow with it. Prov. 10:22

David & Mary Sue

The Gospel of Matthew – Lesson 6



CHPTRS. 16-19

Chapter 16
Matthew 16:1-28
Matt. 16:1-19 Then the Pharisees and Sadducees came, and testing Him asked that He would show them a sign from heaven.2 He answered and said to them, “When it is evening you say, ‘It will be fair weather, for the sky is red’;3 “and in the morning, ‘It will be foul weather today, for the sky is red and threatening.’ Hypocrites! You know how to discern the face of the sky, but you cannot discern the signs of the times.4 “A wicked and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and no sign shall be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah.” And He left them and departed. 5 Now when His disciples had come to the other side, they had forgotten to take bread.6 Then Jesus said to them, “Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and the Sadducees.”7 And they reasoned among themselves, saying, “It is because we have taken no bread.”8 But Jesus, being aware of it, said to them, “O you of little faith, why do you reason among yourselves because you have brought no bread?9 “Do you not yet understand, or remember the five loaves of the five thousand and how many baskets you took up?10 “Nor the seven loaves of the four thousand and how many large baskets you took up?11 “How is it you do not understand that I did not speak to you concerning bread?—but to beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.”12 Then they understood that He did not tell them to beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and Sadducees. 13 When Jesus came into the region of Caesarea Philippi, He asked His disciples, saying, “Who do men say that I, the Son of Man, am?”14 So they said, “Some say John the Baptist, some Elijah, and others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.”15 He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?”16 Simon Peter answered and said, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”17 Jesus answered and said to him, “Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but My Father who is in heaven.18 “And I also say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock ( this rock of revelation) I will build My church, and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it.19 “And I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.”
16:1-19 YAH SHUA REBUKES THE PHERISAS AND THE ZADUQAYA And the Pherisas and Zaduqaya approach testing him: and asking him a sign from the heavens to show them. He answers, wording them, when being evening, you word, Fair weather! — for the heavens are fiery: and being dawn, you word, Downpour this day! — for the heavens are fiery and gloomy. Hypocrizing hypocrite! to examine the face of the heavens you know — to discern the signs of these times you know not A generation evil and adulterous seeks a sign: and a sign is not given to it except the sign of Yaunan the prophet. — and he leaves them and goes. YAH SHUA INTERPRETS THE PARABLE OF LEAVEN When his disciples come across and they forget to take bread with them and he words to them, See and beware of the leaven of the Pherisas and of the Zaduqaya. And they are thinking among their souls, wording, because we took not bread. And Yah Shua, knowing, words to them, why reason you among your souls, of little trust, because you took no bread? Understand you not until now? Remember you not the five breads of the five thousand and how many baskets you took?— and not the seven breads of the four thousand — and how many baskets you took? How understand you not that I worded not to you concerning bread but to beware of the leaven of the Pherisas and of the Zaduqaya? Then they comprehend that he words not to them to beware the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pherisas and of the Sadoqiym. OPINIONS CONCERNING YAH SHUA And when Yah Shua comes to the place of Quesariya Dephilipaus he asks be his disciples, wording, What words humanity concerning me who the Son of humanity has been? And they word, Some have worded, Yah Chanan the Baptizer and others, Eli Yah and others, Yeram Yah or, one of the prophets.
THE WITNESS OF KEPHA CONCERNING YAH SHUA He words to them, And You, who word you me to have been? Shimun Kepha answers, wording, you are the Meshiah, the Son of the living God. And Yah Shua answers, wording to him, Graced are you, Shimun Bar Yauna: for flesh and blood manifested not to you but my Father in the heavens. And I also — I word to you, that you are Kepha: and upon this stone I build my congregation: and the portals of sheol prevail not: to you I give the keys of the sovereigndom of the heavens: and all that you bind on earth becomes bound in the heavens: and whatever you release on earth becomes released in the heavens. Aramaic NC

A. Warnings against the Sadducees and the Pharisees.
1. (1-4) The Sadducees and the Pharisees seek a sign from Jesus.
a. Then the Pharisees and Sadducees: Their working together showed a deep fear among the religious leaders. The Sadducees and Pharisees were long-standing enemies, and the fact that they came together against Jesus shows they regarded Him as a serious threat.
1). It is an extraordinary phenomenon to find a combination of the Pharisees and Sadducees. They stood for both beliefs and policies which were diametrically opposed.

· The Pharisees lived according to the smallest points of the oral and scribal law; the Sadducees received only the written words of the Hebrew Scriptures. 613 in all.
· The Pharisees believed in angels and the resurrection; the Sadducees did not (Paul used this division in Acts 23:6-10).
· The Pharisees were not a political party and were prepared to live under any government that would leave them alone to practice their religion the way they wanted to; the Sadducees were aristocrats and collaborated with the Romans to keep their wealth and power.
· The Pharisees looked for and longed for the Messiah; the Sadducees did not.

2). Yet for all these differences, Jesus brought them together. Not in a good way – they came together in opposition to Jesus, but they came together nonetheless.

b. And testing Him asked that He would show them a sign from heaven: Jesus had done many signs and they remained unconvinced. They looked for a sign from heaven such as calling down fire from heaven, preferably against a Roman legion. They said they were not convinced by the signs on earth Jesus had already done.
1). Jesus had already been asked for a sign in Matthew 12:38, and in response He had already pointed them to the sign of Jonah. Tradition held that a sign done on earth could be a counterfeit from satan, but signs done from heaven (coming in or from the sky) were assumed to be from God.
2). The immediate demand of the Jewish leaders for a sign from heaven contrasts sharply with the Gentile crowd’s response to Jesus’ miracles (Matthew 15:31).

c. Hypocrites! You know how to discern the face of the sky, but you cannot discern the signs of the times: Jesus condemned their hypocrisy. They felt confident about predicting the weather from the signs they saw around them but were blind to the signs regarding Jesus’ Messianic credentials right before their eyes.
1). The proof that they cannot discern the signs is that they ask for a sign!
2). Jesus wasn’t the only one to notice the hypocrisy in His day. The Jews of Jesus’ day had a proverb saying that if all the hypocrites in the world were divided into ten parts, Jerusalem would contain nine of the ten parts.
3). You cannot discern the signs of the times: Jesus said this of the religious leaders of His own day regarding the signs of His first coming. There were prophecies, circumstances, and evidences that should have made it clear to them as signs of the times that the Messiah had come. Many people today are just as blind to the signs of the times regarding the second coming of Jesus.

d. A wicked and adulterous generation seeks after a sign: This statement of Jesus reminds us that signs alone convert no one. It is easy to place far too much confidence in signs and wonders as tools to bring people to faith in Jesus.
1). The problem isn’t that the signs are themselves weak, but that a wicked and adulterous generation seeks after them. The Bible gives repeated examples of those who saw remarkable signs yet did not believe.

e. No sign shall be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah: Jesus promised a sign that would have power to bring people to faith – His resurrection. He had previously mentioned the sign of the prophet Jonah in Matthew 12:39-41, clearly explaining it as His coming resurrection.
1). We remember some of the similarities between Jonah and Jesus:
· Jonah sacrificed himself that others would be saved.
· Jonah disappeared from all human view in doing this.
· Jonah was sustained the days when he could not be seen.
· Jonah came back after three days, as back from the dead.
· Jonah preached repentance.

Pharisaical – excessively or hypocritically pious; “a sickening sanctimonious smile” holier-than-thou, pharisaic, sanctimonious, self-righteous, pietistic, pietistical. pious – having or showing or expressing reverence for a deity; “pious readings.”

B. (5-12) Jesus cautions the disciples against false teaching.
a. Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees: After the preceding conflict with the religious leaders, Jesus gave this warning to His disciples, using the metaphor of leaven.
1). As noted previously in the parable of the leaven (Matthew 13:33), leaven is consistently used as a picture of sin and corruption (especially in the Passover narrative of Exodus 12:8, 12:15-20).
2). It was the Jewish metaphorical expression for an evil influence. To the Jewish mind leaven was always symbolic of evil: leaven stood for an evil influence liable to spread through life and to corrupt it.

b. It is because we have taken no bread: This was a strange concern after Jesus had, in the recent past, miraculously fed both crowds exceeding 5,000 and 4,000 people. The disciples didn’t understand Jesus at all here and His use of leaven as a metaphor.

c. Then they understood that He did not tell them to beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and Sadducees: Jesus impressed the importance of being on guard against false teaching, especially that in the service of religious hypocrisy.
1). Jesus charged His disciples with three things:
· Ignorance, because they didn’t understand that He was using material things (leaven) to illustrate spiritual things (the dangerous teachings and practices of the Sadducees and Pharisees).
· Unbelief, because they were overly concerned with the supply of bread, when they had seen Jesus miraculously provide bread on several previous occasions.
· Forgetfulness, because they seemed to forget what Jesus had done before in regard to providing bread.



The miracles of Jesus are proposed miraculous deeds attributed to Jesus in Christian and Islamic texts. The majority are faith healings, exorcisms, resurrection, and control over nature. In the Synoptic Gospels (Mark, Matthew, and Luke), Jesus refuses to give a miraculous sign to prove his authority.

But He went about teaching the gospel of the kingdom (sound doctrine), healing and doing good because He is good!

2 Timothy 1:13 Retain the standard of sound words which you have heard from me, in the faith and love which are in Christ Jesus.

1 Timothy 4:6 In pointing out these things to the brethren, you will be a good servant of Christ Jesus, constantly nourished on the words of the faith and of the sound doctrine which you have been following.

Proverbs 4:2 For I give you sound teaching; Do not abandon my instruction.

Luke 1:4 so that you may know the exact truth about the things you have been taught.

2 Timothy 4:3 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but wanting to have their ears tickled, they will accumulate for themselves teachers in accordance to their own desires,

Titus 1:9 holding fast the faithful word which is in accordance with the teaching, so that he will be able both to exhort in sound doctrine and to refute those who contradict.

Want to know what God really looks like? Look at Jesus!

(Heb.1:3; Col.1;15; John 5:30 & 12:49)
(Heb 1:2-3) has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, by whom also He made the worlds, who being the shining splendor of His glory, and the express image of His essence, and upholding all things by the word of His power, through Himself cleansing of our sins, He sat down on the right of the Majesty on high,
(Col 1:13-15) For He has delivered us from the power of darkness and has translated us into the kingdom of His dear Son; in whom we have redemption through His blood, the remission of sins who is the image of the invisible God, the First-born of all creation.

Explanations of Matt. 16:1-28 Continued next week.

We will continue with Les.6 next week.

The blessings of the Lord are upon you whether by blood, adoption/sonship or assignment. The blessing of the LORD makes a person rich, and he adds no sorrow with it. Prov. 10:22

David & Mary Sue